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【推荐】个别英语单词的用法

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发表于 2005-7-17 08:26:26 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
case 意义: n.事例,实例,事实,情况;病例;案件;箱,盒,套;手提箱 搭配: a case in point 有关的事例,例证 a case in point 恰当的例子 in any case 无论如何,不管怎样 in case 假使,以防(引导虚拟语气) sum up the case 概括事实 in case of 假如,如果发生;防备 in no case 无论如何不,决不 in this/that case 如果这样。那样的话 a case of measles 麻疹病例 appeal a case 申述 pack a case 装箱 in the case of 就…。。来说,至于 as the case may be 看情况,根据具体情况 辨析: case:事实,事例,情况,其可笼统地指一个完整的论题,也可表典型的事例,也可用于表医学上的病例或法律上的案例。 instance:为正式用词,指从事实中援引单独事例,隐含其典型性 重难点: 语法规则:in case意为“假使;免得,以防(万一)”。In case引导的从句可以用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气,虚拟形式为should+动词原形 真题: I was advised to arrange for insurance _____I needed medical treatment. A)nevertheless B) although C)in case D)so that I left for the office earlier than usual this morning _________traffic jam. A)in line with B)for the sake of C)in case of D)at the risk of We left the manager a note________ he wanted to know where we were. A)if B)in case C)so that D)unless The lawyer advised him to drop _________,since he stands little chance to win. A)event B)incident C)case D)affair 答案:C C B C
 楼主| 发表于 2005-7-17 08:26:58 | 显示全部楼层
"put"短语 和“get”一样,“put”在英语惯用语中的生命力很强,值得“学而时习之”的短语不少。 1 put in an appearance:露脸   “As is often the case, the director will put in an appearance in every office and then leave.” 2 put... in the picture:把近况告诉……   “What new machines have been acquired? The manager wants the purchasing officer to put him in the picture.” 3 put... in the shade:使……逊色   “The three winning essays have put all the others in the shade.” 4 put... on the map:让……出名   “Some popular new products put the manufacturers on the map.” 5 put... off the scent:误导……   “The suspect managed to put the police off the scent by directing them to a wrong place.” 6 put on airs:摆架子   “I avoid talking to those who are arrogant and putting on airs too much.” 7 put... on his guard:劝……当心   “Rumours that the company will lay off staff put some on the guard.” 8 put... on a pedestal:把……当偶像崇拜   “Many students put their knowledgeable teachers on a pedestal by accepting their ideas without question.” 9 put out feelers:放出触角   “The two political parties seem to be interested in a compromise, so they have started putting out feelers.” 10 put a spoke in someone's wheel:妨碍某人的计划   “The research grant has been approved and should come to us soon unless someone puts a spoke in our wheel.” 11 put one's money on...:对……有把握   “The ruling party will win the general election again. I can put my money on it.” 12 put "paid" to...:结束……;毁掉   “A sudden serious illness put 'paid' to Michael's chances of taking part in the long-distance race.” 13 put the lid on...:禁止……   “There have been reports about information insecurity. The police are determined to do something to put the lid on any further leakage of confidential news.” 14 put one's thinking cap on...:动脑筋想   “This is a thorny issue, which requires your putting your thinking cap on.” 15 put one through one's paces:考验某人的本领   “The purpose of having a series of seminars is to put the participants through their paces.” 16 put... through the mill:使……经历磨练   “At the interview, the interviewers asked difficult questions with a view to putting every interviewee through the mill.” 17 put someone's name forward:正式提某人的名   “Many members put Joe's name forward to serve on the Town Council.” 18 put it down to experience:从经验中学习   “Everyone has a bitter taste of failure; never mind! Put it down to experiene.” 19 put... behind...:尝试把……忘掉   “Our national team should put last night's defeat behind it and concentrate on the coming match.” 20 to put it bluntly:不客气地说   “To put it bluntly, the man you recommended is just not good enough for the job.”
 楼主| 发表于 2005-7-17 08:27:16 | 显示全部楼层
extend意 义 vt.延伸;扩展、扩大;提供、给予; vi.伸展、延伸;(在范围或应用上)达到 构 词 ex(向外)+tend(伸展) 变 形 extension. n.伸出、伸展;延长部分;电话分机 extensive a.广大的、广阔的;广泛的 intensive a.加强的,深入细致的 搭 配 extensive knowledge 广博的知识 to extend credit/visa 延长信贷限期/签证 extensive reading 泛读 extensive discussion 广泛的讨论 辨 析 enlarge v.扩大,放大 expand v.使膨胀,扩张 extend 指直线状的伸展,引申指扩大势力、范围。 lengthen 指增加长度或延长时间。 prolong 指时间过程延长到超过通常或正常的限度。 真 题 It is quite necessary for a qualified teacher to have good manners and _____ knowledge. A) extensive B) expansive C) intensive D) expensive 答案:A
 楼主| 发表于 2005-7-17 08:27:33 | 显示全部楼层
raise意 义 vt.举起、提高、提升;筹集、征集;唤起、引起;养育、饲养、种植;提升,增加(工资) 搭 配 raise one’s hand 举手 raise one’s hat to sb. 向某人举帽致敬 raise doubts in people’s minds 引起人们的怀疑 raise a child 养育孩子 raise farm/corps 饲养 raise funds 筹集资金 raise salaries 增加薪水 raise standards of service 提高服务水平 辨 析 raise v.发生 多指由低处垂直举往高处,不一定费力 lift v.上升 指用力或机械把重物提高到较高的位置 arouse v.激发起 真 题 Though______in San Francisco, Dave Mitchell had always preferred to record the plain facts of small-town life. A)raised B)grown C)developed D)cultivated 答案:A

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 楼主| 发表于 2005-7-17 08:28:01 | 显示全部楼层
take的用法 take after 与…相象 take apart 拆开(机器等) take…as 把…理解为 take away 拿走,夺去,使离去;减去 take down 取下;记下;拆卸 take for 认为,以为;误认为 take on 接受;包含;领会;承担,从事;呈现,具有;开始雇佣 take into account 把…考虑进去 take issue with sb. 与某人争论 take off 拿走;脱下(衣帽等);起飞 take oneself off 走开,离去 take up 拿起;着手处理;占去 take sb. to task 责备某人,申斥某人 take to 开始;对…产生好感;形成的习惯 take up 占去,占据;开始从事 take over 占据;接任(职位) take out 拿出;去掉;扣除;(通过申请等)取得,办理;(on)对…。发泄 take out loans 借贷 take aback 使吃惊,使困惑 take back 收回(说错的话);使回忆起 take in 接受,接纳,吸收;包括;领会,理解;欺骗 take effect 生效 take turns 轮流 take up with 与…。成为朋友 take out on 对…。发泄 真 题: The new appointment of our president ______from the very beginning of next semester. A) takes effect B) takes part C) takes place D) takes turns 答案 A Frequently single-parent children ___some of the functions that the absent adult in the house would have served. A) take off B) take after C) take in D) take on 答案 D Our son doesn’t know what to _____at the university; he can’t make up his mind about his future. A) take in B)take over C) take up D) take after 答案 B I’d ______ his reputation with other farmers and business people in the community, and then make a decision about whether or not to approve a loan. A) take into account B) account for C) make up for D) make out 答案 A
发表于 2005-7-17 12:37:51 | 显示全部楼层
支持一下啊 继续加油啊 顶
发表于 2005-7-20 11:33:56 | 显示全部楼层
哇!!!好多短语啊!看都看晕了~~~不过很有用,顶
发表于 2005-7-23 17:00:58 | 显示全部楼层

let me go on

[box=#FFFFCC]Bring bring around 或 bring round To cause to adopt an opinion or take a certain course of action. 说服:使采用某项提议,使采取某种行动 To cause to recover consciousness. 使恢复知觉 bring down To cause to fall or collapse. 使倒下,使崩溃 To kill. 杀死 bring forth To give rise to; produce: 引起;产生: plants bringing forth fruit. 结果的植物 To give birth to (young). 生(后代) bring forward To present; produce: 呈上;提出: bring forward proof. 提交证据 Accounting To carry (a sum) from one page or column to another. 【会计学】 转入下页,转入下栏:把(数字)转入下页或下栏 bring in Law To give or submit (a verdict) to a court. 【法律】 宣布(裁决) To produce, yield, or earn (profits or income). 生出、产生或挣得(利润,收入) bring off To accomplish: 实现,完成: bring off a successful advertising campaign. 赢得了一场广告战 bring on To cause to appear: 使出现: brought on the dessert. 端上甜点 bring out To reveal or expose: 揭示,揭露: brought out the facts. 揭露事实 To introduce (a debutante) to society. 把(初入社交界的少女)引荐给社交界 To produce or publish: 推出,出版: bring out a new book. 出版一本新书 To nurture and develop (a quality, for example) to best advantage: 深植,教育:教育,培养(例如一种品质)使至最佳境界: You bring out the best in me. 你使我把自己最好的方面都发挥出来了 bring to To cause to recover consciousness. 使…恢复知觉 Nautical To cause (a ship) to turn into the wind or come to a stop. 【航海】 使(船)顺着风向,使(船)停驶 bring up To take care of and educate (a child); rear. 照料,教育(小孩);抚养 To introduce into discussion; mention. 把…引进讨论;提到 To vomit. 呕吐 To cause to come to a sudden stop. 使…突然停下 bring down the house To win overwhelming approval from an audience. 博得全场观众的喝彩 bring home To make perfectly clear: 使…十分清楚: a lecture that brought home several important points. 清楚地解释了几个要点的讲座 bring to bear To exert; apply: 运用;应用: bring pressure to bear on the student's parents. 对学生家长施加压力 To put (something) to good use: 充分地利用(某物): “All of one's faculties are brought to bear in an effort to become fully incorporated into the landscape”(Barry Lopez) “一个人在努力完全溶入景色当中时,他的所有的能力得到充分的发挥”(巴里·洛佩斯) bring to light To reveal or disclose: 揭示,揭露: brought the real facts to light. 把事实真相揭露出来 bring to mind To cause to be remembered: 使…被记住: Thoughts of fishing brought to mind our youth. 想钓鱼的念头使我忆起了我们的青年时代 bring to (one's) knees To reduce to a position of subservience or submission. 下跪:一种表示恭顺,屈服的降低姿势 bring to terms To force (another) to agree. 强迫(他人)同意 bring up the rear To be the last in a line or sequence. 殿后,断后:队列或序列的最后一个[/box]
发表于 2005-7-23 17:04:44 | 显示全部楼层

let me go on again

[box=#FFFFCC]Carry carry away To move or excite greatly: 大为激动,忘形: was carried away by desire. 被欲望冲昏了头脑 carry forward Accounting To transfer (an entry) to the next column, page, or book, or to another account. 【会计学】 转帐:将(帐目)转下一栏、页、册或另一帐户 carry off To cause the death of: 引起…的死亡: was carried off by a fever. 因发烧而死 To handle successfully: 成功地对付: carried off the difficult situation with aplomb. 镇静地应付了困难的局面 carry on To conduct; maintain: 开展;维持: carry on a thriving business. 经营繁忙的生意 To engage in: 卷入,从事: carry on a love affair. 正在谈恋爱 To continue without halting; persevere: 不停顿地持续下去;坚持: carry on in the face of disaster. 面对灾难坚持不懈 To behave in an excited, improper, or silly manner. 举止激动、不当或愚蠢 carry out To put into practice or effect: 实行,运作: carry out a new policy. 实行一项新政策 To follow or obey: 遵循或遵守: carry out instructions. 遵循教诲 To bring to a conclusion; accomplish: 得出结论;完成: carried out the mission successfully. 成功地完成使命 carry over Accounting 【会计学】 To transfer (an account) to the next column, page, or book relating to the same account. 转帐目到…:把(一个帐目)转到与它相关的下一栏、页或册上去 To retain (merchandise or other goods) for a subsequent, usually the next, season. 保留至下一季:把(商品或其它货物)贮存起来以供随后的,通常是下一个季节的供应 To deduct (an unused tax credit or a loss, for example) for taxable income of a subsequent period. 扣除:为下一个时期需征税的收入而扣除(如未使用的税款或其损失) To persist to another time or situation: 延续:坚持到其他时间或情况: The confidence gained in remedial classes carried over into the children's regular school work. 孩子们在辅导班上获得的自信持续到他们正常的学校学习中去 carry through To accomplish; complete: 达到;完成: carry a project through despite difficulties. 不顾困难地完成一项计划 To survive; persist: 存活下来;坚持: prejudices that have carried through over the centuries. 经过了几个世纪依然存在的偏见 To enable to endure; sustain: 能够忍受;保存: a faith that carried them through the ordeal. 此信念支持他们通过严格的考验 carry a torch或 carry the torch To feel a painful, unreciprocated love: 痛苦地单恋:感受一种令人痛苦的,得不到回报的爱: still carrying a torch for an old sweetheart. 依然痛苦地单恋着一位昔日的情人 carry the ball【非正式用语】 To assume the leading role; do most of the work. 担任主要角色;做大部分工作 carry the day To be victorious; win. 胜利;获胜[/box]
发表于 2005-7-23 17:12:02 | 显示全部楼层
我明白了 原来是这样啊 加油啊
 楼主| 发表于 2006-1-25 12:32:37 | 显示全部楼层

consider

<1> 考虑,照顾 consider (doing) sth./that clause( 从句 ) <2> 认为,以为 consider sb./sth. +adj./n. I consider it a great honor. consider sb. to do sth. 认为某人做 … be considered to do sth. 被认为干什么 n. → consideration ……
 楼主| 发表于 2006-1-25 12:34:31 | 显示全部楼层

refer to

<1> 提到 , 说到 , 涉及到 When I said some people are stupid, I was not referring to you. <2> 与某人有关 , 关系到某人 What I have said referred to all of you. <3> 向某人 / 某物查询信息等 When you don’t know the meaning of a word, refer to a ……              in后跟一段时间的用法 <1> 表示 ” 在 … 之内地某个时间 ” 或 ”… 之后的某个时间 ” The project will be finished in two years’ time. 这项工程将在两年内完成 . He will be back in two days 对此时间提问应用 how soon within 后可接表示时间长度或距离长度的名词 , 表示在 ” 这一范围内 ”, 有 ” 不到或不超过 ” ……
shadow 该用户已被删除
发表于 2006-1-25 16:39:06 | 显示全部楼层
提示: 作者被禁止或删除 内容自动屏蔽
发表于 2006-2-5 11:28:31 | 显示全部楼层
老大们 不要用红的呀 我以为斑竹又在通知呢
发表于 2006-2-5 15:44:35 | 显示全部楼层
have already read it perrific
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