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[外语学习] 诗歌翻译:杜甫《新婚别》

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发表于 2018-4-18 11:16:14 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
小编导读:《新婚别》是唐代诗人杜甫所写的新题乐府组诗“三吏三别”之一。此诗描写了一对新婚夫妻的离别,塑造了一个深明大义的少妇形象。丈夫头天结婚,第二天就要赶赴战场,新娘虽然悲痛得心如刀割,但她同样认识到,丈夫的生死、爱情的存亡,与国家民族的命运,是不可分割地连结在一起的,要实现幸福的爱情理想,必须作出牺牲。于是,她强忍悲痛鼓励丈夫参军,同时坚定地表达至死不渝的爱情誓言。全诗模拟新妇的口吻自诉怨情,写出了当时人民面对战争的态度和复杂的心理,深刻地揭示了战争带给人民的巨大不幸。



杜甫 《新婚别》

兔丝附蓬麻,引蔓故不长。
嫁女与征夫,不如弃路旁。
结发为君妻,席不暖君床。
暮婚晨告别,无乃太匆忙!
君行虽不远,守边赴河阳。
妾身未分明,何以拜姑嫜?
父母养我时,日夜令我藏。
生女有所归,鸡狗亦得将。
君今往死地,沉痛迫中肠。
誓欲随君去,形势反苍黄。
勿为新婚念,努力事戎行。
妇人在军中,兵气恐不扬。
自嗟贫家女,久致罗襦裳。
罗襦不复施,对君洗红妆。
仰视百鸟飞,大小必双翔。
人事多错迕,与君永相望。



Lament of the Newly Wed

The creeper clinging to the flax is wrong,
For it can’t be expected to grow long.
If a maiden to a soldier is tied
In wedlock, better forsake her by roadside.
My hair dressed up, to you I’m newly wed,
But we have not yet warmed our nuptial bed.
Married last night, at dawn we bid adieu.
Why should I part in such hurry with you?
Though you may not be very far away,
Only in Heyang garrison you’ll stay.
I have not performed the rites of a wife.
How can I serve your parents all my life?
Bred by my parents, I was told it’s right
To hide indoors every day and night.
Oh, I am destined to go to your spouse.
Now you go to a place in face of death,
How can I not utter my painful breath?
I would follow you wherever you go,
But I fear it would bring less weal than woe.
So forget the bride in your family then,
But do your duty as all army men.
If there were women in the camp, I fear,
It’s no good for morale on the frontier.
As a daughter of a poor family,
It’s difficult to get silk robe for me.
But I fear I could not wear it again,
Rougeless and powderless I would remain.
Looking up, I see hundreds of birds fly,
Big or small, all of them in pairs on high.
Why different should be our human fate?
O how long, how long should I for you wait!
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