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TED演讲--如何掌控你的自由时间--双语

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发表于 2017-12-9 20:53:37 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
TED演讲--如何掌控你的自由时间

TED演讲--如何掌控你的自由时间_百度文库  https://wenku.baidu.com/view/d45 ... f9aef8941e4891.html



How to Manage Your Free Time  

  When people find out I write about time management, They assume two things.
    One is that I'm always on time, and I'm not. I have four small children, and I would like to blame them for my occasional tardiness, but sometimes it's just not their fault. I was once late to my own speech on time management.
    We all had to just take a moment together and savor that irony.
    The second thing they assume is that I have lots of tips and tricks for saving bits of time here and there. Sometimes I'll hear from magazines that are doing a story along these lines, generally on how to help their readers find an extra hour in the day.
    And the idea is that we'll shave bits of time off everyday activities, add it up, and we'll have time for the good stuff.
    I question the entire premise of this piece, but I'm always interested in hearing what they've come up with before they call me.
    Some of my favorites: doing errands where you only have to make right-hand turns、Being extremely judicious in microwave usage: it says three to three-and-a-half minutes on the package, we're totally getting in on the bottom side of that.
    And my personal favorite, which makes sense on some level, is to DVR your favorite shows so you can fast-forward through the commercials.
    That way, you save eight minutes every half hour, so in the course of two hours of watching TV, you find 32 minutes to exercise.  
  Which is true.  
  You know another way to find 32 minutes to exercise? Don't watch two hours of TV a day, right? Anyway, the idea is we'll, save bits of time here and there, add it up, we will finally get to everything we want to do.
    But after studying how successful people spend their time and looking at their schedules hour by hour, I think this idea has it completely backward. We don't build the lives we want by saving time. We build the lives we want, and then time saves itself.
    Here's what I mean. I recently did a time diary project looking at 1,001 days in the lives of extremely busy women.
    They had demanding jobs, sometimes their own businesses, kids to care for, maybe parents to care for, community commitments... busy, busy people.  

  I had them keep track of their time for a week, so I could add up how much they worked and slept, and I interviewed them about their strategies, for my book. One of the women whose time log I studied...she goes out on a Wednesday night for something.
    She comes home to find that her water heater has broken, and there is now water all over her basement. If you've ever had anything like this happen to you, you know it is a hugely damaging, frightening, sopping mess.
    So she's dealing with the immediate aftermath that night, next day she's got plumbers coming in, day after that, professional cleaning crew dealing with the ruined carpet. All this is being recorded on her time log. Winds up taking seven hours of her week. Seven hours.

  That's like finding an extra hour in the day.  
  But I'm sure if you had asked her at the start of the week, "Could you find seven hours to train for a triathlon?"  
  "Could you dind seven hours to mentor seven worthy people?" I'm sure she would've said what most of us would've said, which is, "No...can't you see how busy I am?" Yet when she had to find seven hours because there is water all over her basement, she found seven hours.
    And what this shows us is that time is highly elastic. We cannot make more time, but time will stretch to accommodate what we choose to put into it.  

  And so the key to time management is treating our priorities as the equivalent of that broken water heater. To get at this, I like to use language from one of the busiest people I ever interviewed.By busy,I mean she was running a small business with 12 people on the payroll,she had six children in her spare time.
    I was getting in touch with her to set up an interview on how she "had it all"...that phrase.I remember it was a Thursday morning,and she was not available to speak with me.Of course,right?  

  But the reason she was unavailable to speak with me is that she was out for a hike,because it was a beautiful spring morning,and she wanted to go for a hike. So of course this makes me even more intrigued,and when I finally do catch up with her,she explains it like this.
    She says,"Listen Laura,everything I do,every minute I spend,is my choice." And rather than say,"I don't have time to do x,y or z,"she'd say,"I don't do x,y or z because it's not a priority.""I don't have time,"often means"It's not a priority."If you think about it,that's really more accurate language.  

  I could tell you I don't have time to dust to dust my blinds,but that's not true.If you offered to pay me $100,000 to dust my blinds,I would get to it pretty quickly.Since that is not going to happen,I can acknowledge this is not a matter of lacking time,it's that I don't want to do it.

    Using this language reminds us that time is a choice.

    And granted,there may be horrible consequences for making different choices,I will give you that.But we are smart people,and certainly over the long run,we have the power to fill our lives with the things that deserve to be there.
    So how do we do that?How do we treat our priorities as the equivalent of that broken water heater?  

  Well,first we need to figure out what they are.I want to give you two strategies for thinking about this.The first,on the professional side:I'm sure many people coming up to the end of the year are giving or getting annual performance reviews.
    You look back over your successes over the year,your "opportunities for growth."
    And this serves its purpose,but I find it's more effective to do this looking forward.So I want you to pretend it's the end of next year.You're giving yourself a performance review(绩效评估), and it has been an absolutely amazing year for you professionally.
    Write next year's review:What 3-5 things would make it a great year for you professionally.So you can write next year's performance review now.And you can do this for your personal life,too.  

    I'm sure many of you,like me,come December,get cards that contain these folded up sheets of colored paper,on which written what is known as the family holiday letter.
    Bit of a wretched genre of literature, really, going on about how amazing everyone in the household is,or even more scintillating,how busy everyone in the household is.
    But these letters serve a purpose,which is that they tell your friends and family what you did in your personal life that mattered to you over the year.
    So this year's kind of done,but I want you to pretend it's the end of next year,and it has been an absolutely amazing year for you and the people you care about.Write the family hollday letter:
    What three to five things did you do that made it so amazing?
    So you can write next year's family holiday letter now.
    Don't send it. Please,don't send it.  
       
    But you can write it.  
    And now,between the performance review and the family holiday letter,we have a list of six to ten goals we can work on in the next year.And now we need to break these down into doable steps.So maybe you want to write a family history.
    First,you can read some other family histories,get a sense for the style.
    Then maybe think about the questions you want to ask your relatives,set up appointments to interview them.
    Or maybe you want to run a 5K.
    So you need to find a race and sign up,figure out a training plan,and dig those shoes out of the back of the closet.And then...this is key...we treat our priorities as the equivalent of that broken water heater,by putting them into our schedules first.  
    We do this by thinking through our weeks before we are in them,I find a really good time to do this is Friday afternoons.Friday afternoon is what an economist might call a "low opportunity cost" time.
    Most of us are not sitting there on Friday afternoons saying,"I am excited to make progress toward my personal and professional priorities right now."
    But we are willing to think about what those should be.
    So take a little bit of time Friday afternoon,make yourself a three-category priority list: career, relationships,self.
    Making a three-category list reminds us that there should be something in all three categories.Career,we think about;relationships,self...not so much.  
    But anyway,just a short list,two to three items in each.Then look out over the whole of the next week,and see where you can plan them in.Where you plan them in is up to you.
    I know this is going to be more complicated for some people than others.


    I mean,some people's lives are just harder than others.It is not going to be easy to find time to take that poetry class if you are caring for multiple children on your own.I get that.
    And I don't want to minimize anyone's struggle.
    But I do think that the numbers I am about to tell you are empowering.There are 168 hours in a week.Twenty-four times seven is 168 hours.
    That is a lot of time.If you are working a full-time job,so 40 hours a week,sleeping eight hours a night,so 56 hours a week...that leaves 72 hours for other things.  That is a lot of time.
    You say you're working 50 hours a week,maybe a main job and a side hustle.Well,that leaves 62 hours for other things.
    You say you're working 60 hours.Well,that leaves 52 hours for other things.
    You say you're working more than 60 hours.Well,are you sure?There was once a study comparing people's estimated work weeks with time diaries.
    They found that people claiming 75-plus-hour work weeks were off by about 25 hours.
    You can guess in which direction,right?Anyway,in 168 hours a week,I think we can find time for what matters to you.
    If you want to spend more time with your kids,you want to study more for a test you're taking,you want to exercise for three hours and volunteer for two,you can.
    And that's even if you're working way more than full-time hours.  
       
    So we have plenty of time,which is great,because guess what?  
    We don't even need that much time to do amazing things.But when most of us have bits of time,what do we do?Pull out the phone,right?Start deleting emails.
    Otherwise, we're puttering around the house or watching TV.
    But small moments can have great power.You can use your bits of time for bits of joy.Maybe it's choosing to read something wonderful on the bus on the way to work.
    I know when I had a job that required two bus rides and a subway ride every morning,I used to go to the library on weekends to get stuff to read.
    It made the whole experience almost,almost, enjoyable.  
    Breaks at work can be used for meditating or praying.If family dinner is out because of your crazy work schedule,maybe family breakfast could be a good substitute.
    It's about looking at the whole of one's time and seeing where the good stuff can go.  
    I truly believe this,there is time.Even if we are busy,we have time for what matters.And when we focus on what matters,we can build the lives we want in the time we've got.






  如何掌控你的自由时间-Ted 演讲
  www.jianshu.com 2-3
如何掌控你的自由时间-Ted 演讲 - 简书  http://www.jianshu.com/p/7d8d9fdc27be


  当人们发现我写跟时间管理有关的书籍时,他们会认为我是个这样的人:
    第一就是我从来不会迟到,应该是个守时的人。但实际上我不是。更讽刺的是,有次我去开有关时间管理的演讲,结果却迟到了。 (台下观众笑)
  第二件他们认为的事情就是:我关于节省时间会有很多小贴士和技巧。另一种说法是:我们是从日常活动中挤出零碎时间,然后把他们叠加起来,做成自己想做的事情。我质疑这种说法的根据。
  我听到最搞笑的一种说法是:利用节目的广告时间来做健身操,这样,每半个个钟就可以有8分钟来运动。所以,2个钟头的节目,就会有32分钟来运动。 (台下观众笑)
  这当然是真的。但你知道怎么找32分钟来运动吗?别每天花2个小时来看电视啊! (台下观众笑)
  好,总结一下人们通常认为的就是,在这儿和那儿节省一点时间,叠加起来,就可以做自己想做的事情。但通过研究成功人士如何利用他们的时间和看他们的时间表,我得出另一个结论。我们并不是通过节省时间来建设自己的生活的,而是通过过自己想要的生活,来自动节省时间。
  我解释一下这句话的意思。我观察研究了1001个繁忙的成功人士时间日记。这些人工作都非常忙,还有孩子要照顾,也许还要照顾老人和为社区服务——是那种忙到脑袋要掉的人。我让他们记录自己的时间花销,这样我就可以算出他们花了多少时间工作和睡觉,然后我采访他们,问他们关于时间管理的秘诀。
  其中一个女忙人的时间是这样的:周三晚上她回到家,发现热水器坏了,导致地下室全是水。她那天晚上就只能着手处理这烂摊子。第二天,水管工来修理。第三天,专业家居清理师傅来处理浸水的毯子。这些都记录在她的时间日志里。处理这些事,加起来占了她那周7个小时。7个小时啊!就好比是一天的时间了。
  但我可以肯定,如果你在一周伊始就问她,“你可以挤出7个小时来训练铁人三项吗?”或者“你可以找7个小时来指导7个有潜力的小生吗?“ 她肯定会答:”不行——你没看到我有多忙吗?“ 但是注意,当她发现地下室进水的时候,她就必须挤出7个小时来。这个故事说明,时间的弹性很大。我们不能凭空造出更多时间,但时间会根据我们的选择灵活伸缩。
  所以管理时间的关键,就是把我们优先的事情当做那个漏水的热水器。为了说明这一点,我想引用一个我采访的最忙的一个人的话。她管理着一个12人的小公司。还有6个娃要照顾。我想跟她约个时间做采访。但她实在挤不出时间。理所当然,对吧。
  但她没有时间接受我采访的原因是,她出门徒步了,因为这是春日里阳光明媚的一天啊。所以这让我更感兴趣了。当我最终联系到她的时候,她说,
  听着,劳拉,我所做的一切事情,我花的每一分钟,都是我做的选择
  与其说我没有时间做X, Y, Z, 不如说,我不做X, Y, Z 是因为这些不是我的优先事项。
  我没有时间”这句话意味这“我不把这件事放在心上。
  这才是更准确的解释语言。
  我也可以告诉你,我没有时间去打算窗帘上的灰尘,但这不是真的。如果你给我10万美元,让我去打扫,那我立马就可以去做。
  所以这无关乎时间,这只是我想不想做罢了。这也提醒我们:

  时间就是选择。

  那做什么才能让生命更充实美好呢?我们如何才能把一件事当做必须马上处理的漏水热水器呢?
  首先,我们要搞清楚想做的是什么事,我想给你提供两个策略来思考这个问题。第一个,关于职业:我确定很多人到年底后会来个年终总结,看看自己成长了多少。这当然可以。但我觉得往前看,会更有效。现在,我们来这样操作:
  那这一年中,你做了哪3件事来让自己成长了呢?
  好,现在你可以写明年的年终总结了。
  当然,关于自己的个人生活也可以根据这个设想来写年终总结。要写的话,就分三个方面来写:职业,关系,和自我。但不要写太长,每一个方面写2-3个事项即可。然后看接下来的一周,你可以把这些事项安排在哪一天。
  我们来看组数据,一天有24小时,一周有7天,那一周就有168小时。这可是很多时间了啊。如果你是全职工作,那就是一周工作40小时;一天睡8小时,那一周就花了56小时,还剩下72小时可以做其他事情呢。72小时能做很多事情了啊。你说你一周工作50小时,那还有62小时的空余时间可支配呢;你说你一周工作60小时,那还有52小时可支配呢?你说你一周工作超过60小时,嗯,你确定吗?
  有项研究对比了人们预估的工作时间和他们实际的时间日志,发现那些说自己工作超过75小时的人,实际工作时间要减去25小时。
  一周有168个小时,即使减去你全职工作的时间,你还是有72小时可支配呢。不管你是想花时间跟娃相处,或者是准备考试,又或者是锻炼3个小时,做志愿服务2个小时,你都是可以做到的。这72小时比你全职工作的时间加起来还多呢。
  所以,通过看一个人的一生想达成什么美好的愿望,再以此反推自己应该做什么事情,就知道自己应该把时间放在哪里了。即便我们很忙,我们也可以为重要的事情排出时间。而当我们专注于对我们来说重要的事情,我们就可以通过自己可支配的时间来建设自己想要的生活。

  给我的启发:

  通过这个时间计算公式,就不难想象为什么有些人做斜杠青年都做得如此出众了,或者说他们跨界的能力如此强,也不过是因为他们能扎扎实实利用起来业余的72小时吧。


  附演讲链接: How to gain control of your free time https://link.jianshu.com/?t=http ... nscript?language=en

发表于 2018-1-16 04:48:53 | 显示全部楼层
Thank you so much !
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发表于 2018-1-19 09:19:02 | 显示全部楼层
useful ,i learn  a lots  
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发表于 2018-5-6 14:55:14 大耳朵英语3G版 | 显示全部楼层
hard to insist
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