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大学英语四级阅读理解练习题及解析(1)

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发表于 2017-5-14 16:47:50 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
There are people in Italy who can’t stand soccer. Not all Canadians love hockey. A similar situation exists in America, where there are those individuals you may be one of them who yawn or even frown when somebody mentions baseball. 『Baseball to them means boring hours watching grown men in funny tight outfits standing around in a field staring away while very little of anything happens.』① They tell you it’s a game better suited to the 19th century, slow, quiet, gentlemanly. These are the same people you may be one of them who love football because there’s the sport that glorifies “the hit”.

By contrast, baseball seems abstract, cool, silent, still.

On TV the game is fractured into a dozen perspectives, replays, closeups. The geometry of the game, however, is essential to understanding it. You will contemplate the game from one point as a painter does his subject; you may, of course, project yourself into the game. It is in this projection that the game affords so much space and time for involvement. The TV won’t do it for you.
Take, for example, the third baseman. You sit behind the third base dugout and you watch him watching home plate. His legs are apart, knees flexed. His arms hang loose. He does a lot of this. The skeptic still cannot think of any other sports so still, so passive. 『But watch what happens every time the pitcher throws: the third baseman goes up on his toes, flexes his arms or bring the glove to a point in front of him, takes a step right or left, backward or forward, perhaps he glances across the field to check his first baseman’s position.』② Suppose the pitch is a ball. “Nothing happened,” you say. “I could have had my eyes closed.”

The skeptic and the innocent must play the game. And this involvement in the stands is no more intellectual than listening to music is. Watch the third baseman. Smooth the dirt in front of you with one foot; smooth the pocket in your glove; watch the eyes of the batter, the speed of the bat, the sound of horsehide on wood. If football is a symphony of movement and theatre, baseball is chamber music, a spacious interlocking of notes, chores and responses.

1. The passage is mainly concerned with ______.
A. the different tastes of people for sports
B. the different characteristics of sports
C. the attraction of football
D. the attraction of baseball

2. Those who don’t like baseball may complain that ______.
A. it is only to the taste of the old
B. it involves fewer players than football
C. it is not exciting enough
D. it is pretentious and looks funny

3. The author admits that ______.
A. baseball is too peaceful for the young
B. baseball may seem boring when watched on TV
C. football is more attracting than baseball
D. baseball is more interesting than football

4. By stating “I could have had my eyes closed. ” the author means (4th paragraph last sentence):
A. The third baseman would rather sleep than play the game.
B. Even if the third baseman closed his eyes a moment ago, it could make no different to the result.
C. The third baseman is so good at baseball that he could finish the game with eyes closed all the time and do his work well.
D. The consequent was too bad he could not bear to see it.

5. We can safely conclude that the author ______.
A. likes football
B. hates football
C. hates baseball
D. likes baseball

词汇与短语
1. dugout n. 棒球场边供球员休息的地方
2. pitcher n. 投手
3. symphony n. 交响乐
4. chamber n. 室内
5. contemplate vt.沉思,注视

长难句解析
①【解析】此句的主干是“Baseball?means?watching?”,其中“in funny tight outfits”用来修饰“grown men”,“standing?”和“staring”用来做“grown men”的定语。
【译文】对于他们来说,棒球就是在无聊的几个小时中几个身着紧身衣的大人伫立在场地周围没事可做地东张西望。
②【解析】这是一个复合句,“goes up?”,“flexes?”“takes?”,“glances?”做“the third baseman”的并列谓语。
【译文】但每当投球手掷出球的那一瞬间,你再看吧,三垒运动员脚尖点地,屈臂或把接球手套直指前方,左右移动步伐,或前或后,或许他还要越过场地盯着一垒球手的动作。

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发表于 2017-5-15 15:03:24 | 显示全部楼层
D  C  B  B  D
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发表于 2017-6-1 18:19:22 | 显示全部楼层
d  c  c  c  d
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发表于 2017-6-1 18:20:44 | 显示全部楼层
D  C  C  C  D
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发表于 2017-6-16 14:54:55 | 显示全部楼层
thanks for sharing
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发表于 2017-7-30 10:46:48 | 显示全部楼层
DCBBD         
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发表于 2017-8-23 22:54:24 | 显示全部楼层
6666666666666666666
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发表于 2017-8-24 12:03:17 | 显示全部楼层
1.B2.C3.A4.C5.A
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发表于 2017-9-19 15:05:32 | 显示全部楼层
b   c   b   c   d  
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发表于 2017-11-13 10:59:13 | 显示全部楼层
i'd like to have a look
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发表于 2018-4-12 17:49:06 | 显示全部楼层
seeseeanswer
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发表于 2018-5-8 15:28:43 | 显示全部楼层
Key to the exercise
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发表于 2018-5-29 16:37:41 | 显示全部楼层
1D 2C 3D 4C 5D
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