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高考阅读理解训练(54)

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发表于 2017-4-23 20:10:27 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 mat447 于 2017-5-22 20:56 编辑

An endangered deer with vampire-like fangs(尖牙) was spotted for the first time in nearly 60 years, in a remote forest in northeastern Afghanistan. The fanged creature is known as the Kashmir musk deer, and it is native to the Himalayas of northern India, Pakistan’s Kashmir region and northern Afghanistan.
Only the male deer have fangs, and they use them during mating season to compete for females. A team of researchers scoured (搜索) Afghanistan’s Nuristan province during 2008 and 2009, and recorded five sightings of the animal. This was the first time the species had been spotted since 1948. During the survey, the researchers spotted a single male Kashmir musk deer near the same area three separate times. The researchers also recorded one female and her baby, and saw a second single female that they think may have been the same deer, without her baby. These musk deer are classified as an endangered species on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List. Musk-deer meat is a local delicacy, but the species is mostly hunted for its scent glands that are more valuable by weight than gold — some believe the glands have pharmaceutical (药学的)properties, and they sell for nearly $20,455 per pound ($45,000 per kilogram) on the black market, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
       Three decades of war have ravaged Nuristan province, and the continued violence and political instability make the black-market trade of scent glands uncontrollable. Furthermore, the species is quickly losing suitable habitat. All of the musk deer were spotted on sheltered rocky outcrops around 9,843 feet (3,000 meters) high. In the summer, they regularly trek(跋涉) along steep slopes that make them almost impossible to approach and keep them relatively safe from hunters. However, heavy snowfall in the winter drives the species farther down, to more human-accessible slopes, and hunters come from all over the country to stalk(追踪) the deer for their valuable scent glands.
       Due to violence and unrest, nongovernmental organizations like the Wildlife Conservation Society have not been able to operate in the Nuristan province since 2010. The WCS maintains contact with locals they have trained to survey and search for the musk deer. Once the situation in Nuristan improves, the WCS intends to return to the area to continue research and to formulate a conservation plan.
1. Male deer use fangs in mating season to _________.
       A. fight for their land                         B. beat for females
       C. hunt for food                                D. frighten their enemies
2. From the passage, we could learn that ________.
       A. all of the Kashmir musk deer in the mountainous area have fangs
       B. people hunt for the deer mainly because their meat is delicious
       C. it is relatively easier for hunters to hunt the rare species in winter
       D. the Kashmir musk deer are fierce animals because of their fangs
3. Which factor does not contribute to the uncontrollable trade in the black market?
       A. Government control.                                B. Continued violence.  
     C. Political instability.                                 D. Years of war.
4. The Wildlife Conservation Society ________.
     A. has been doing research on the musk deer in this area since 2010
       B. has sent a small group of people to search for the musk deer
       C. is one of the organizations sponsored by governments worldwide
       D. is making efforts to help and protect this rare species in the area
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发表于 2017-5-5 15:45:45 | 显示全部楼层
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