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考研英语阅读理解文章18-Poor grade for vouchers

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发表于 2017-3-22 07:00:01 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
POOR GRADE FOR VOUCHERS
A judge flunks Cleveland's use of vouchers for parochial schools. But will that stall the movement?

Walter Milancuk's public-school horror story began early, when his son Derrick spent kindergarten in an overcrowded roomful of students who regularly fought in class and cursed the teacher. Milancuk wanted to transfer Derrick, but his salary as a forklift driver couldn't cover private-school tuition. Yet Milancuk found a way out, thanks to Cleveland's pioneering school-voucher program, which granted him close to $1,500 in state funds to help enroll Derrick at St. Stanislaus, a nearby Catholic school. Now Derrick wears a crisp uniform. His reading has improved. And the weekly Mass and Bible study have moved Derrick to say his daily prayers without prompting. Says his dad, "The school is really building his faith."

That may prove to be more of a curse than a blessing. Last week a federal judge struck down Cleveland's voucher program, ruling that it violates the constitutional separation of church and state. Citing Jefferson and Madison, Judge Solomon Oliver Jr. wrote that because four-fifths of the private schools participating in the voucher program are religious, the program robs parents of "genuine choice" between sectarian and secular schools, thus "advancing religion through government-supported religious indoctrination." The decision is the fourth in recent months to bar the use of vouchers in parochial schools, and voucher opponents--mainly teachers' unions and liberal interest groups--see it as a major victory.

Voucher backers--an unusual coalition of inner-city parents and conservative groups--retort that the judge misread both the Cleveland program and the First Amendment. They point out that Cleveland parents who don't like parochial schools can send their kids to the city's regular public schools, or to public charter schools and magnet schools. Clint Bolick, a lawyer for the Institute for Justice, which defended the voucher program, says, "No one can compel a child into the program or into a religious school."

Despite its recent setbacks, the voucher movement is gaining ground in state legislatures and some state courts. This fall Florida started the first statewide voucher program. And the Wisconsin Supreme Court upheld the use of vouchers in parochial schools in Milwaukee. In the presidential campaign, G.O.P. candidates John McCain and George W. Bush are trumpeting voucher proposals. While Vice President Al Gore launched an ad that calls vouchers a "big mistake," his Democratic opponent Bill Bradley supports them, at least as "experiments."

Though the U.S. Supreme Court has refused to hear several school-choice cases, legal experts suspect the more clear-cut Cleveland case might prod it into action. In the meantime, Judge Oliver is allowing Derrick Milancuk and nearly 4,000 other students in the Cleveland voucher program to remain in their schools while his ruling is on appeal.
~~~~~~~~
By Jodie Morse Time; 12/31/99, Vol. 154 Issue 27, p220, 2/3p, 1c
注(1):本文选自By Jodie Morse Time; 12/31/99, Vol. 154 Issue 27, p220, 2/3p, 1c
注(2):本文习题命题模仿对象2004年真题text 2

1.What does the author intend to illustrate with Derrick’s change of performance in different schools?
[A] the role voucher program plays in helping children get better education
[B] the change a parochial school can bring to a child
[C] the poor education quality of public schools
[D] the importance of enrolling kids of poor performance in private schools

2.What can we infer from the second paragraph?
[A] Parents do not have a choice when they send their children to religious schools.
[B]. The judge’s ruling is helpful in building better public schools.
[C] Teaching religious stuff in schools is a violation of the Constitution.
[D] Teachers of public schools do not welcome the idea of voucher program.

3.What does “advance religion through government-supported religious indoctrination” (Line 5, Paragraph 2) mean?
[A] promote religious ideas in public schools with government support
[B] collect government resources to support religious activities
[C] help religious schools use public fund to spread religious ideas
[D] allow religion to interfere with government work

4.The 4th paragraph suggests that _________________.
[A] Judge Oliver’s ruling has caused political debate between the Republicans and the Democrats.
[B] George W. Bush is in favor of voucher program.
[C] Voucher program does more good than harm.
[D] Democrats have a low opinion of voucher program.

5.Which of the following is true according to the text?
[A] The author thinks that voucher program is more of a curse than a blessing.
[B] The U.S Supreme Court will not support voucher program.
[C] Parents will have no choice but send their children to religious schools if they join in the voucher program.
[D] Voucher program is still a controversial issue in legal and political areas.

篇章剖析
本篇文章以具体事例为引子,采用对比分析的方法,就教育券计划在美国所产生的广泛影响进行分析。在第一段以一个具体事例说明教育券计划给米兰卡克的儿子德里克带来的变化,接着在第二段说明教育券计划引发的争论和司法诉讼,在第三段提出支持者的意见,第四段和第五段说明教育券计划正逐渐赢得司法的支持。

词汇注释
voucher n. 代金券;教育券
flunk v. (使)失败
parochial adj. 教区的
stall v. (使)停转, (使)停止, 迟延
forklift n. <美>[机]铲车,叉式升降机
Mass  n. (天主教的)弥撒
crisp adj. 崭新的;明显干净的或新的:
sectarian adj. 宗派的;教派的
secular adj. 非宗教的,世俗的
indoctrination  n. 教导, 教化
Amendment n. 修正案
charter school: 特许学校 ([美国]不受地方教育主管机构管理,具有不同于其他学校的课程设置和教育理念的公立学校)
magnet school: 英才学校 (提供专业课程,具有较高学术水准的公立学校)
prod v. 督促;推动
appeal n. 上诉

难句突破
1.Citing Jefferson and Madison, Judge Solomon Oliver Jr. wrote that because four-fifths of the private schools participating in the voucher program are religious, the program robs parents of "genuine choice" between sectarian and secular schools, thus "advancing religion through government-supported religious indoctrination."
主体句式:Judge Solomon Oliver Jr. wrote that…
结构分析:这个句子是个复杂句,citing是现在分词做方式状语,在wrote后面由that引导的宾语从句又是一个复杂结构,包含了because引导的原因状语从句,还有advancing这个现在分词引导的结果状语。理解这样的复杂长句时,应该先确定句子的主语和谓语,再确定其他句子成分。
句子译文:所罗门·奥利弗法官引用杰斐逊和麦迪逊的话写道,因为参与教育券计划的学校中有五分之四是宗教学校,这一计划实际上剥夺了家长在世俗学校和宗教学校之间做出“真正选择”的机会,继而“通过政府支持的宗教教育扩大宗教影响”。

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发表于 2017-8-23 23:32:27 | 显示全部楼层
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