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[阅读理解] 英语六级考试王长喜标准阅读(第47篇) 1219

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发表于 2016-12-12 16:02:36 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

第47篇

Art is considered by many people to be little morethan a decorative means of giving pleasure. This isnot always the case, however; at times, art may beseen to have a purely functional side as well. Suchcould be said of the sandpaintings of the NavahoIndians of the American Southwest; these have amedicinal as well as an artistic purpose.
  According to Navaho traditions, one who suffers from either a mental or a physical illnesshas in come way disturbed or come in contact with the supernatural—perhaps a certainanimal, a ghost, or the dead. To counteract this evil contact, the ill person or one of his relativeswill employ a medicine man called a “singer” to perform a healing ceremony which willattract a powerful supernatural being.
  During the ceremony, which may last from 2 to 9 days, the “singer” will produce asandpainting on the floor of the Navaho hogan. On the last day of the ceremony, the patientwill sit on this sandpainting and the “singer” will rub the ailing parts of the patient’s body withsand from a specific figure in the sandpainting. In this way the patient absorbs the power ofthat particular supernatural being and becomes strong like it. After the ceremony, thesandpainting is then destroyed and disposed of so its power will not harm anyone.
  The art of sandpainting is handed down from old “singer” to their students. The materialused are easily found in the areas the Navaho inhabit; brown, red, yellow, and whitesandstone, which is pulverized by being crushed between 2 stones much as corns is ground intoflour. The “singer” holds a small amount of this sand in his hand and lets it flow between histhumb and fore-finger onto a clean, flat surface on the floor. With a steady hand and greatpatience, he is thus able to create designs of stylized people, snakes and other creatures thathave power in the Navaho belief system. The traditional Navaho does not allow reproductionof sandpaintings, since he believes the supernatural powers that taught him the craft haveforbidden this; however, such reproductions can in fact be purchased today in tourist shops inArizona and New Mexico. These are done by either Navaho Indians or by other people who wishto preserve this craft.
  1.The purpose of the passage is to ___.
  A.discuss the medical uses of sandpaintings in medieval Europe.
  B.study the ways Navaho Indians handed down their painting art.
  C.consider how Navaho “singer” treat their ailments with sandpaintings.
  D.tell how Navaho Indians apply sandpainting for medical purposes.
  2.The purpose of a healing ceremony lies in ___.
  A.pleasing the ghosts
  B.attracting supernatural powers
  C.attracting the ghosts
  D.creating a sandpainting
  3.The “singer” rubs sand on the patient because ___.
  A.the patient receives strength from the sand
  B.it has pharmaceutical value
  C.it decorates the patient
  D.none of the above
  4.What is used to produce a sandpainting?
  A.Paint
  B.Beach sand
  C.Crushed sandstone
  D.Flour
  5.Which of the following titles will be best suit the passage?
  A.A New Direction for Medical Research
  B.The Navaho Indians’ Sandpainting
  C.The Process of Sandpainting Creation
  D.The Navaho Indians’ Medical History
参考答案:DBACB

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