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[489][IELTS]【雅思阅读:剑桥雅思长难句分析二】[Roxanne][20160322]

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发表于 2016-3-22 13:04:15 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

  1. The teacher-subject was told that whenever the pupil gave the wronganswer to a question, a shock was to be administered, beginning at the lowestlevel and increasing in severity with each successive wrong answer.(剑5, Test 1passage 2)

  分析:本句的主句为“The teacher-subject was told that…”; “that whenever the pupilgave the wrong answer to a question, a shock was to be administered, beginningat the lowest level and increasing in severity with each successive wronganswer”为that引导的宾语从句,做tell的宾语;在该宾语从句中“a shock was to beadministered”为主句,而“whenever the pupil gave the wrong answer to aquestion”为whenever引导的时间装语从句,在该宾语从句中做时间状语,“beginning at the lowest level andincreasing in severity with each successive wronganswer”为现在分词短语做状语,在该宾语从句中做伴随状语。

  2. Milgram told the teacher-subject to ignore the reactions of the pupil,and to administer whatever level of shock was called for, as per the rulegoverning the experimental situation of the moment.(剑5, Test 1 passage 2)

  分析:本句的主句为“Milgram told the teacher-subject to ignore the reactions of thepupil, and to administer whatever level of shock was called for”; 其中“whateverlevel of shock was called for”为whatever引导的宾语从句,做administer的宾语;asper为介词短语,意为依据,根据;“governing the experimental situation of themoment”为现在分词短语作定语,做the rule的定语。

  3. As the experiment unfolded, the pupil would definitely give the wronganswers to questions posed by the teacher, thereby bringing on variouselectrical punishments, even up to the danger level of 300 volts and beyond.(剑5,Test 1 passage 2)

  分析:本句主句“the pupil would definitely give the wrong answers to questions”;“As the experiment unfolded”为As引导的时间状语从句,做该主句的时间状语;“posed by theteacher”为过去分词短语作定语,做questions的定语;“bringing on various electrical punishments,even up to the danger level of 300 volts and beyond”为现在分词短语作状语,做主句的伴随状语。

  4. In these situations, Milgram calmly explained that the teacher-subjectwas to ignore the pupil's cries for mercy and carry on the experiment.(剑5, Test1 passage 2)

  分析:本句的主句为“Milgram calmly explained that…”; “that the teacher-subject was toignore the pupil's cries for mercy and carry on theexperiment”为that引导的宾语从句,做explain的宾语;在该宾语从句中“to ignore the pupil's cries formercy and carry on the experiment”为不定式做表语。

  5. If the subject was still reluctant to proceed, Milgram said that it wasimportant for the sake of the experiment that the procedure be followed throughto the end.(剑5, Test 1 passage 2)

  分析:本句的主句为“Milgram said that …”; “If the subject was still reluctant toproceed”为If引导的条件状语从句;“that it was important for the sake of the experiment thatthe procedure be followed through to the end.”为that引导的宾语从句,做said的宾语;在该宾语从句“thatit was important for the sake of the experiment that the procedure be followedthrough to the end.”中,it为形式主语,“that the procedure be followed through to theend”为that引导的主语从句,是该宾语从句真正的主语。

  6. What Milgram was trying to discover was the number of teacher-subjectswho would be willing to administer the highest levels of shock, even in the faceof strong personal and moral revulsion against the rules and conditions of theexperiment.(剑5, Test 1 passage 2)

  分析:本句的主句为“What Milgram was trying to discover was the number ofteacher-subjects”; “What Milgram was trying to discover”为What引导的主语从句;“who wouldbe willing to administer the highest levels of shock, even in the face of strongpersonal and moral revulsion against the rules and conditions of theexperiment.”为定语从句,做teacher-subjects的定语,关系词为who。

  7. Prior to carrying out the experiment, Milgram explained his idea to agroup of 39 psychiatrists and asked them to predict the average percentage ofpeople in an ordinary population who would be willing to administer the highestshock level of 450 volts.(剑5, Test 1 passage 2)

  分析:本句的主句为“Milgram explained his idea to a group of 39 psychiatrists andasked them to predict the average percentage of people in an ordinarypopulation.”; “Prior to carrying out the experiment”为时间状语,prior to相当于before;“who would be willing to administer the highest shock level of 450volts.”为定语从句,做an ordinary population的定语,关系词为who。

  8. The overwhelming consensus was that virtually all the teacher-subjectswould refuse to obey the experimenter.(剑5, Test 1 passage 2)

  分析:本句主句为“The overwhelming consensus was that …”; “that virtually all theteacher-subjects would refuse to obey the experimenter”为表语从句,做was的表语。

  9. The psychiatrists felt that ‘most subjects would go beyond 150 volts'and they further anticipated that only four percent would go up to 300volts.(剑5, Test 1 passage 2)

  分析:本句为并列句,“The psychiatrists felt that ‘most subjects would go beyond 150volts'”和“they further anticipated that only four percent would go up to 300volts”并列,由and连接;其中“that ‘most subjects would go beyond 150volts'”为that引导的宾语从句,做felt的宾语,而“that only four percent would go up to 300volts”也为that引导的宾语从句,做anticipated的宾语。

  10. How can we possibly account for this vast discrepancy between whatcalm, rational, knowledgeable people predict in the comfort of their study andwhat pressured, flustered, but cooperative ‘teachers' actually do in thelaboratory of real life?(剑5, Test 1 passage 2)

  分析:本句主句为“How can we possibly account for this vast discrepancybetween…and…”; “what calm, rational, knowledgeable people predict in the comfortof their study”和“what pressured, flustered, but cooperative ‘teachers' actuallydo in the laboratory of real life”均为what引导的宾语从句。

  11. One's first inclination might be to argue that there must be some sortof built-in animal aggression instinct that was activated by the experiment, andthat Milgram's teacher-subjects were just following a genetic need to dischargethis pent-up primal urge onto the pupil by administering the electricalshock.(剑5, Test 1 passage 2)

  分析:本句的主句为“One's first inclination might be to…”; “to argue that there mustbe some sort of built-in animal aggression instinct that was activated by theexperiment, and that Milgram's teacher-subjects were just following a geneticneed to discharge this pent-up primal urge onto the pupil by administering theelectrical shock.”为不定式做表语,做be的表语;在此表语中“that there must be some sort of built-inanimal aggression instinct”和“that Milgram's teacher-subjects were just followinga genetic need to discharge this pent-up primal urge onto the pupil byadministering the electrical shock”并列,皆为that引导的宾语从句,做argue的宾语;“that wasactivated by the experiment”为定语从句,做instinct的定语,关系词为that。


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