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[应试辅导] 应试辅导-四级语法-#Alice老师#2013年6月3日

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发表于 2013-6-3 01:52:46 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式


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语音音标班第13课-#Jamie老师#2013年6月2日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-337487-1-1.html
新概念第一册第19课-#低调老师#2013年6月2日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-337486-1-1.html
新概念第二册第7课-#Bluespan老师#2013年6月2日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-337485-1-1.html
新概念第三册第56课单词-#Patrick老师#2013年6月2日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-337484-1-1.html
新概念第四册第39课-#Gavin老师#2013年6月2日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-337483-1-1.html
英乐欢唱-#城管老师#2013年6月2日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-337481-1-1.html
英乐欢唱-#城管老师#2013年5月31日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-337503-1-1.html
实用口语-#彩色哥老师#2013年6月2日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-337478-1-1.html
实用口语-#饿狼老师#2013年6月2日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-337476-1-1.html
特色课堂-#小羽老师#2013年6月2日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-337500-1-1.html
特色课堂-#Piggy老师#2013年6月2日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-337474-1-1.html
特色课堂-#Alice老师#2013年6月2日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-337472-1-1.html
特色课堂-#Mark老师#2013年6月2日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-337470-1-1.html
大耳朵韩语系百日庆典http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-337525-1-1.html   
发表于 2013-6-4 07:37:43 | 显示全部楼层
大耳朵应试授课室 ID: 2831       时间:2013年06月03日 20:00
授课老师:夕薇老师            助教:Gin小巨鹰
授课内容:四级语法
一、词法——非谓语动词 Nonfinite Verb
(一).V-ing
① 被动式: 当一个动名词逻辑上的主语所表示的是这动作的对象时, 动名词一般要用被动形式.
His being neglected by the host added to his uneasiness.
He couldn’t bear being made fun of like that.
         但要注意, 在want, need, deserve, require 等动词后, 尽管表示的是被动的意思, 却用动名词的主动形式.
My pen needs filling.
The point deserves mentioning.
         在worth这个形容词后情形也是这样.
Her method is worth trying.
         现在分词的被动式可以用来作定语, 宾语补足语, 状语及用于独立结构中.
You’ll find the topic being discussed everywhere.
Being asked to give a performance, she couldn’t very well refuse.
② 完成被动式: 如果表示的动作在谓语表示的动作之前发生, 有时需要用动名词的完成被动式.
I don’t remember having ever been given a chance to try this method.
         但在多数情况下都避免使用这一形式, 而用一般被动形式代替, 以免句子显得累赘.
         现在分词的完成被动式一般用来作状语或用于独立结构中.
Having been given such a good chance, how could she let it slip away?
The decision having been made, the next problem was how to make a good plan.
All the compositions having been written and collected, the teacher sent the students home.

(二).分词 ①意义: 过去分词通常来自及物动词, 带有被动意义和完成意义; 而现在分词有的来自及物动词, 有的来自不及物动词, 通常带有主动意义和未完成意义. frozen food                a freezing wind a bored traveler                a boring journey a lost cause                a losing battle a conquered army        a conquering army a finished article                the last finishing touch the spoken word                a speaking bird a closed shop                the closing hour a recorded talk                a recording machine ②来自不及物动词的过去分词很少能单独用作前置修饰语, 能作这样用的仅限于下面几个词, 仅表示完成意义, 不表示被动意义. the risen sun, fallen leaves, faded/withered flowers, returned students,  retired workers, departed friends, escaped prisoners, the vanished jewels, newly-arrived visitors  ③用作后置修饰语的过去分词一般都带有修饰语或其他成分, 在意义上相当于关系分句. Most of the people invited to the reception were old friends. 二. 词法——介词 Preposition
①.合成介词和复杂介词
合成介词: inside, into, onto, out of, outside, throughout, upon within, without
复杂介词: according to, along with, apart from, as for, as to, because of, by means of, in front of, in spite of, instead of, in accordance with, on account of, on behalf of, owing to, due to, together with, up to, with regard to, prior to等

②.介词在句末
This is what he is interested in.
Does everyone has a seat to sit on?
③.名词加介词 ( n + prep)
某些名词之后要求用某些介词: solution to, faith in, glance at, need for
某些名词之前要求用某些介词: on one’s guard, at one’s request, in all probability, to my delight
④.动词加介词
Vi + prep: prevail on, appeal to, fall into, apply for, touch upon
Vt + O + prep: lay emphasis on, take advantage of等
Vi + adv + prep:
I don’t wish to break in on your thoughts.
The family came up against fresh problems.
You’re not telling me the whole story. You’re holding out on me.
She got off with him soon after she began to work at the institution.
Vt + O + adv +prep:
You shouldn’t take your resentment out on me.
We shouldn’t put the shortage down to bad planning.
⑤.形容词加介词
about --- anxious, careful, careless, certain, considerate, enthusiastic, guilty, happy, mad, particular, sad, sure, timid, unhappy, etc
at --- awkward, bad, clever, disappointed, disgusted, good, marvellous, quick, skilful, skilled, useless, weak, etc
for --- convenient, eligible, grateful, homesick, hungry, necessary, noted, perfect, responsible, etc
from --- evident, exempt, inseparable, safe, tired, etc
in --- deficient, expert, liberal, quick, rich, successful, weak, etc
of --- apprehensive, characteristic, critical, destructive, envious, hard, inconsiderate, impatient, dependent, jealous, positive, scared, sensible, short, sick, suspicious, typical, worthy, etc
on --- dependent, keen, intent, etc
to --- acceptable, accessible, agreeable, alive, attentive, blind, comparable, courteous, deaf, destructive, essential, favourable, hostile, indifferent, married, obedient, parallel, preferable, related, responsible, sensitive, suitable, unjust, etc
with --- awkward, bored, careful, disappointed, generous, identical, ill, impatient, popular, sick, wrong, etc
三.词法——连词 Conjunction
(一)并列连词
表示意义的引申: and, both…and, not only…but(also), as well as, and …as well, neither…nor
表示选择: or, either…or
表示转折: but, while, whereas, yet, however/nevertheless(也可认为是副词)
表示因果: for, so, therefore, hence
(二)从属连词
表示时间: when, while, as, after, before, since, until(till), as soon as, once
表示原因: because, as, since, now that, seeing that
表示条件: if, unless, in case, provided(that), suppose, as long as, on condition (that),
表示其他关系: (al)though, than, as/so…as, lest, in order that, so…that
四.词法——情态动词 Modal Verb
(一)may/might表示允许和可能
①.允许: 询问或说明一件事可不可以做.
May I trouble you with a question?
You may take this seat if you like.
He asked if he might glance through my album.
You might as well speak your mind. (比may…显得婉转一些)
②.可能: 表示一件事或许发生(或是某种情况可能会存在).
You may walk ten miles without seeing a house.
She was afraid they might not like the idea.
A bad thing might be turned to good account.
注:might 表示请求:
Might I ask for a photograph of your baby? (比May I …更客气一些)
(二)can’t, couldn’t表示否定的推测
She can’t be serious.
A more suitable book can’t be found. (It is not possible to find a more suitable book.)
He couldn’t (can’t) be over fifty.
(三)should, ought to: 表示应该做的事, ought to比should口气稍重一些.
You should (ought to) do as he says.
You shouldn’t (oughtn’t to) talk like that.
注:但这两者间也有一些差别, 在表示责任, 义务等该做的事情时, 常用ought to, 在表示某件事宜于做时, 多用should, 在下面的句子中这两个词就不宜换用:
You are his father. You ought to take care of him.
We should not use too many big words in our everyday speech.
will, would
注:shall, should表示意愿
(四)情态动词后接进行式, 完成式和完成进行式

①.情态动词可与动词的进行式构成谓语, 表示”应该正在…”, “想必正在…”:
Why should we be sitting here doing nothing?
She might still be thinking about the question you raised.
They must (may) be waiting for us, let’s hurry up.
②.情态动词有时和动词的完成形式构成谓语, 表示”应当已经…”, “想必已经…”:
I should have thought of that.
They shouldn’t have left so soon.
Where can (could) he have gone?
He can’t have finished the work so soon.
We ought to have give you more help.
③.情态动词间或也可以和一个动词的完成进行式构成谓语,表示”应当一直在…”, “想必一直在…”:
They may have been discussing the problem this morning.
You should have been waiting for us. Why haven’t you?
She couldn’t have been swimming all day.
五.四六级考试高频短语及搭配
1.abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)忠于;遵守。
2.be absent from…. 缺席,不在
3.absence or mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉
4.absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态):be absorbed in 全神贯注于…近:be engrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ; be focused on ; be centered on
5. (be) abundant in (be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有
6. access (to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解
7. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,
8. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地
9. in accord with 与…一致 . out of one’s accord with 同….不一致
10. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地
11. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据
12. on one’s own account
  1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益
  2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责
  3) (=by oneself)依靠自己
on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account不论什么原因也不;of …account 有…..重要性.
13. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去
14. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)
15. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明.
16. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.
17. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)
18. accuse…of… (=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告
19. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于.
20. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉
21. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理
22. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于
23. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)
24. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之
25. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外
26. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循
27. adjacent(=next to, close to) to 毗邻的, 临近的
28. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;
29. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地.
30. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.
31. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地.
32. have an advantage over 胜过.
   have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件
   have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事
33. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.
34. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意
35. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致
36. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前.
37. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中.
38. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的.
39. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计
40. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不;
     all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次;
     above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说;
     be all in 累极了; all but 几乎.
41. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到.
42. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.
43. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责.
44. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合.
45. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for
46. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉
47. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力
48. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请 ; apply for申请; apply to 适用.
49. apply to 与…有关;适用
50. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准
助教:Gin小巨鹰

2013-6-3 应试辅导—四六级语法-alice.ppt

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2013年06月03日夕薇老师笔记.doc

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