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[新概念三] 新概念第三册第57课-#Ray老师#2013年2月25日

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发表于 2013-2-26 14:34:01 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式


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语音音标班-#Jeff老师#2013年2月23日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-327082-1-1.html
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新概念第二册第8课-#小鱼老师#2013年2月23日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-327080-1-1.html
新概念第三册第57课单词-#Samantha 老师#2013年2月23日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-327058-1-1.html
英乐欢唱-#Zak老师#2013年2月23日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-327057-1-1.html
应试辅导-#Carrie老师#2013年2月23日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-327056-1-1.html
应试辅导-#书香老师#2013年2月23日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-327055-1-1.html
实用口语-#Lily老师#2013年2月23日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-327054-1-1.html
实用口语-#桃子轩老师#2013年2月23日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-327053-1-1.html
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特色课堂-#Mr.ST老师#2013年2月23日http://bbs.ebigear.com/thread-327050-1-1.html
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发表于 2013-3-3 11:16:32 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 新三助教组 于 2013-3-3 11:17 编辑

题目:新概念第三册第57课课文  ray老师2013年2月25日笔记

授课老师:ray              助教:kbc

笔记正文:
Q: Did the narrator find his mother's grave?

grave [英] [ɡreiv][美] [ɡrev]
adj.重大的,重要的;严重的;[音乐]沉重的;(颜色等)朴素的
adv.沉重地,庄重地;极慢地
n.坟墓,墓穴;埋葬…的地方;下场;死亡
vt.雕刻;铭记
narrator [英] [næˈreɪtə][美] [nəˈreɪtər](重音在“r”)
n.(故事的)讲述者,(戏剧、电影等的)解说
writer  n 作者
narrate [英] [ˈnærˌeɪt, næˈreɪt][美] [ˈnærˌeɪt, næˈreɪt]
vt.讲,谈到,叙述;做旁白说明;讲故事
vi.叙述,讲述

I can tell a story (口语)
I can narrate a story (书面)
narrative movie 叙事片

I stopped to let the car cool off and to study the map.
我停下车,让汽车发动机冷却一下,同时查看一下地图.
stop to do 停下来去做
stop doing 停止做。。。
stop talking! 别说话了
cool off (If someone or something cools off, or if you cool them off, they become cooler after having been hot.)
冷却、熄火
let the car cool off 让车熄火
let sb cool off 让某人冷静
造句:
如果你过了糟糕的一天,请在发牢骚前冷静一下
if you have a bad day, please cool off before complaining (it)/click(发牢骚)
I stopped [to let the car cool off] and [to study the map].(and链接两个不定式动作作stop的宾语)
study(look at sth carefully 研究)
study [英] [ˈstʌdi][美] [ˈstʌdi]
n.学习,研究;课题;书房;结论
vi.考虑;沉思;默想;努力
vt.想出;详细地检查;背诵(台词等);为…费心思
study out 研究出、制定(学术方面)
work out(the plain)
figure out 研究出、弄明白(口语)
Point out 找出


I had expected to be near my objective by now, but everything still seemed alien to me.
我本想离目的地已经不远,但周围一切对我仍很陌生.
objective [英] [əbˈdʒektiv][美] [əbˈdʒɛktɪv]
adj.客观的,实体的;目标的;[语]宾格的;[医]他觉的
n.目标,任务;[光]物镜;[语]宾语,宾格;[事]出击目标
alien:If something is alien to you or to your normal feelings or behaviour, it is not the way you would normally feel or behave.
alien [英] [ˈeiljən][美] [ˈeliən,ˈeljən]
adj.外国的;相异的;异已的;不相容的
n.外国人;外侨;局外人;外星人
vt.让渡,转让;疏远;离间
be alien to 与。。不同
(be different from)
A be alien to B :B对A感到陌生
造句:
大多数生意人都对这样一种态度感到陌生
Such an attitude is alien to most businessmen
alienate [英] [ˈeiljəneit][美] [ˈeljəˌnet, ˈeliə-]
(If you alienate someone, you make them become unfriendly or unsympathetic towards you.)
vt.使疏远,离间;使转移,放弃;[法]转让,让渡(财产或权利)
alienate sth/sb
造句:
意见不合使青少年和他们的家人疏远
Disagreements(分歧) alienate teenagers and their families.
Disagreements make teenagers alienate their family (×)
I had expected(过去完成时表示事与愿违  原本期望  ) to be near my objective by now, but everything still seemed(一般过去时) alien to me.
by now [英] [bai nau] [美] [baɪ naʊ]
到如今; 到目前为止
so far [英] [səʊ fɑ:][美] [soʊ fɑr]
到目前为止;迄今为止;到这点为止;仅到一定程度
by the end of the year 到今年底
by day白天
by night晚上
by train/water/bike/air/plane

the present perfect tense(现在完成时);主语+have/has+v(过去分词)
形式:否定;疑问
时间状语:now,today,tonight,already,recently,since,for
例句:I have worked here since ten years ago.
the past perfect tense(过去完成时):
形式:主语+had+v(过去分词)否定;疑问
时间状语; by,at,before,since,for
例句:We had not heard from him since we left here.  (谓语heard 在从句动词left的过去,是谓“过去的过去”故用过去完成时)
Present perfect continuous(现在完成进行时):主语+have/has+been+doing 1.表示从过去某时开始一直持续到现在的动作,并且还将持续下去。2.表示在说话时刻之前到现在正在进行的动作。
造句;
1.到上学期你们学会了多少首歌。
How many songs have you learnt by the end of last term         
2.在他上中学之前他已经学会了两百个单词
He had learnt 200 words by the end of primary school .
He had learnt two hundred words before he entered the middle school.
3.这是他第一次看见自己的作品出版。
It is/was the first time he have/had seen his work in print

I was only five when my father had taken me abroad, and that was eighteen years ago.
我只有五岁时,父亲就带我出了国,那是十八年前。
take sb abroad 带某人出国
go abroad 出国
be abroad 在国外(状态)

When my mother had died after a tragic accident, he did not quickly recover from the shock and loneliness.
当时我母亲在一次事故中惨死,父亲未能很快从悲痛与孤独中恢复过来.
tragic[英] [ˈtrædʒik][美] [ˈtrædʒɪk]
(A tragic event or situation is extremely sad, usually because it involves death or suffering. )
adj.悲剧的;悲惨的
adj 悲剧的
comic adj 喜剧的
tragedy n 悲剧
comedy  n 喜剧
animation 动画片
comic animation 动漫
documentary 纪录片
romance 爱情片
action movie 动作片
he(指代“father”) did not quickly recover from the shock and loneliness.
shock[英] [ʃɔk][美] [ʃɑk]
(If you have a shock, something suddenly happens which is unpleasant, upsetting, or very surprising.)
n.休克;震惊;震动;打击
vt.使休克;使震惊;使震动;使受电击
vi.感到震惊;受到震动;堆成禾束堆
adj.浓密的;蓬乱的
surprised<amaze<astonish vt使大为吃惊<shock<stun vt使目瞪口呆
be in shock 休克
shock and loneliness悲痛和孤独
recover from 恢复过来
get over 克服。。
造句:
我刚从精神崩溃中恢复过来
I’ve just recovered from mental collapse/nervous breakdown
mental adj 内心的、精神的
nervous  adj 神经的、胆小的
collapse [英] [kəˈlæps][美] [kəˈlæps]
vi.折叠;倒塌;崩溃;(尤指工作劳累后)坐下
vt.使倒塌;使坍塌;使瓦解
n.垮台;(身体的)衰弱
breakdown [英] [ˈbreikdaun][美] [ˈbrekˌdaʊn]
n.崩溃,倒塌;损坏,故障;分解;垮,衰竭


Everything around him was full of her presence, continually reopening the wound. So he decided to emigrate.
他身边的一切都是母亲的影子不断勾起他的伤感.于是他决定移居他国.
be full of  v充满
presence

[英] [ˈprezəns][美] [ˈprɛzəns]
n.出席;仪表;
(A presence is a person or creature that you cannot see, but that you are aware of)灵魂
ghost  n 鬼 幽灵 可怕记忆
at present  [英] [æt ˈprezənt][美] [æt ˈprɛznt]
目前,现在;时下;现下;此时
be present in 存在于;任职于
wound  n 伤口
injured adj 受伤的
emigrate [英] [ˈemiɡreit][美] [ˈɛmɪˌɡret]
(If you emigrate, you leave your own country to live in another country. )
vt.移居国外
immigrate(永久的)
[英] [ˈɪmɪˌgreɪt][美] [ˈɪmɪˌɡret]
vi.移入
vt.移民;移居外国,迁移
emigrant n(从本国移往他国)移民
immigrant n 移民
migrate  vi 迁移(暂时的)
华侨:overseas Chinese
造句:
这些鸟儿春天向北迁徙,秋天向南迁徙
These birds migrate northwards in spring and southwards in fall

In the new country he became absorbed in making a new life for the two of us, so that he gradually ceased to grieve.
在这个新的国家里,父亲专心致志地为我们俩开创一种新的生活,慢慢地不伤心了.
absorbed [əbˈsɔ:bd]
adj.被…吸引住,专心致志,全神贯注
adv.专心致志地,全神贯注地
n.专心致志,全神贯注
v.吸收(液体、气体等)( absorb的过去式);支付;吞并;使全神贯注(absorb的过去分词形式)
be(become) absorbed/lost/rapt in 全神贯注于。。。(中性)
She is absorbed/lost/rapt in her work  她全神贯注于她的工作
absorbent
[英] [əbˈsɔ:bənt][美] [əbˈsɔrbənt, -ˈzɔr-]
adj.能吸收的、吸水的
n.吸收剂
water-absorbent 滤纸
be indulged in/indulge oneself in/be addicted to 沉迷于(负面)
be committed/devoted/dedicated to 致力于(正面)
造句:
中国将继续致力于加强在该领域内的国际合作
China will continually to be dedicated to internation corporation in this field.
专心于:be involved in/ be engaged in
be immersed in/immerse oneself into
造句:
他真的要开始专心于他的工作了
He is really becoming immersed in his work
make a new life 营造一个崭新的生活
cease  [英] [si:s][美] [sis]
vt.停止,终止,结束
vi.终止,停止;永不停止的过程;停止行动
n.停止
cease to do 停止做。。。
(If you cease to do something, you stop doing it.)
造句:
活到老学到老
You will never cease to learn as long as you live/until (you) die
without cease 永不停止
cease out 灭绝(=extinct out)
The dinosaur have ceased out XXX years.
grieve [英] [ɡri:v][美] [ɡriv]
vt.使伤心;使悲伤
vi.伤心;悲伤
grieve sb 折磨某人
grieve at  对。。感到伤心
造句:
对于他的死我一点也不难过。
i shall not grieve at her death(at all)
grieve for sb 为。。。而伤心
We grieve for him at this sad time 在这伤心的时刻我们为他表示哀悼
grieve over
(If you grieve over something, especially someone's death, you feel very sad about it.)
对。。感到伤心、悼念
grief [英] [ɡri:f][美] [ɡrif]
n.悲伤;悲痛;悲伤的事


He did not marry again and I was brought up without a woman's care
父亲没有再娶,因此,我在没有母亲的环境里长大成人
be brought up 被抚养长大
bring up养育(包括身体、精神方面)
breed up
raise 养大
造句:
在战争年代他一个人拉扯大了很多孩纸,太为难他了
It is hard for her to/It was quite a job for her to
it is quite a job for sb to sth 做某事对某人来说太为难了
it was quite a job for her to bring up several children (all by herself) in the war time.

but I lacked for nothing, for he was both father and mother to me.
但我却什么都不缺,他既当父亲又当母亲.
lack [英] [læk][美] [læk]
vt.缺乏,缺少;需要的东西
n.缺乏,不足,没有;缺少的东西
lack(n)of/lack(v) for缺乏。。
for he was both father and mother to me. (for 引导并列句表弱原因)
as:从属连词,语意较because, since弱,着重在主句,所表示的原因或理由是"附带的"。
because:从属连词,语意强,着重直接的原因或理由,所引出的从句是全句的重心,用以回答why提出的问题。
for:并列连词,语气较弱,所引出的句子一般放在后面,表示附带说明的理由或推断理由。
since:语意比because弱,但比as强,一般用于表示"由于大家已知的事实"。

He always meant to go back one day, but not to stay.
他总想将来回国看看,但却不愿长期住下去,.
mean to do 打算做。。。
=intend to do/plan to do
I didn’t mean it 我不是故意的

His roots and mine had become too firmly embedded in the new land.
他和我的根已经深深扎入新的土地。
firmly [英] [ˈfɜ:mlɪ][美] [ˈfə:mlɪ]
adv.坚固地;稳固地;坚定地;坚决地
root [英] [ru:t][美] [rut, rʊt]
n.根,根源;原因,本质;祖先;[乐]和弦基音
vt.使生根;使固定;根源在于;欢呼,喝彩
vi.生根;根除
take root扎根、 strike root生根、sprout发芽 、bloom开花、 fruit 结果
造句:
这种思想开始逐渐确立起来
The idea gradually began to take root
Root and cause analysis 对根本原因的分析
analysis [英] [əˈnæləsis][美] [əˈnælɪsɪs]
n.分析,分解;梗概,要略;[数]解析;验定
analysis [英] [əˈnæləsis][美] [əˈnælɪsɪs]
n.分析,分解;梗概,要略;[数]解析;验定
embed in [英] [imˈbed in] [美] [ɛmˈbɛd ɪn]
使牢牢嵌入、扎根于

But he wanted to see the old folk again and to visit my mother's grave.
但是,他想看一看家乡父老乡亲,为我的母亲扫墓.
folk [英] [fəuk][美] [fok]
n.民族;人们;〈口〉家属,亲戚;民间音乐
adj.民间的;普通平民的;流传民间的;普通百姓的
human/human being人类、人群(整体)
humanity人性
man 男人、人类(口语) man kind 人类
person (人)个体
people  (人)泛指
individual 个人
creature  生物、人(带有感情色彩)
old folk 父老乡亲

He became mortally ill a few months before we had planned to go and, when he knew that he was dying(be dying 快死了), he made me promise to go on my own.
就在他计划回国的前几个月,他突然身患绝症.他知道自己已奄奄一息,于是他要我答应一定单独回故乡一趟.
mortally [英] [ˈmɔ:tlɪ][美] [ˈmɔrtl:ɪ]
adv.致命地;非常,很
mortal ill 不治之症
make sb a promise to do 答应某人做
be promised to 许配给
promise well/promising 很有希望的
My major is promising 我的专业大有希望
on one’s own=by oneself 由自己(做)


I hired a car the day after landing and bought a comprehensive book of maps, which I found most helpful on the cross-country journey, but which I did not think I should need on the last stage.
我下飞机后租了一辆车,并买了一本详尽的地图册。在乡间行车途中,我觉得它非常有用,但快到家了,我倒觉得它没什么用了。
hire [英] [ˈhaiə][美] [haɪr]
(If you hire something, you pay money to the owner so that you can use it for a period of time.)
vt.聘用;录用;雇用;租用
vi.受雇;得到工作
n.租金;酬金,工钱;[非正式用语] 被雇佣的人;销售部的两个新雇员
区分:
hire: 多指短期租用。在英国一般指租用车、船。
lease: 指按照租约租出或租用房屋、土地或其它不动产。
rent: 在英国指较长时间租出或租入房屋、商店或土地;而在美国指长时间或短时期租用各种资产以及日用东西。
land:
n 陆地
(When someone lands a plane, ship, or spacecraft, or when it lands, it arrives somewhere after a journey )v 着陆
book of maps 地图册
comprehensive [英] [ˌkɔmpriˈhensiv][美] [ˌkɑmprɪˈhɛnsɪv]
(Something that is comprehensive includes everything that is needed or relevant. )
adj.广泛的;综合的(unival);有理解力的、详细的
n.[常用复数]专业综合考试;综合学校;综合性中学
comprehensive survey  综合调查
comprehensive test 综合测试
comprehensive faculty 综合能力
be comprehensive of 包括包含
=be composed of
comprehensive knowledge 综合知识
comprehensive mind宽广的心胸
comprehend vt 理解、包含
comprehension  n 理解、理解力
incomprehension n 不了解
incomprehensive adj 范围小的
reading comprehension 阅读理解
I hired a car the day after landing and bought a comprehensive book of maps, [which I found most helpful on the cross-country journey](which引导“map”的定语从句 在从句中指代“maps”), but [ which I did not think I should need on the last stage](map的定语从句).
cross-country [英] [ˈkrɔ:sˈkʌntri:, ˈkrɔs-][美] [ˈkrɔsˈkʌntri, ˈkrɑs-]
adj.横跨乡村的;横越全国的、越野的
n.越野赛跑
on the last stage 在最后阶段(=on the last phase)
at the stage of 在。。。阶段
at the stage of first learner 在初学阶段
at the later stage 在后期
at this stage 在这个阶段
stage-hand  n 舞台工作人员
put sb on the stage 把某人捧上舞台
be on stage 在舞台、成名
stage fright  n 怯场
I got a stage fright 我很怯场

It was not that I actually remembered anything at all. But my father had described over and over again what we should see at every milestone, after leaving the nearest town,
这倒并非是我背熟了地图,而是父亲曾详细给我讲了,在过了离故乡最近的那个小镇后,在每一个路标处可见到些什么
It was not [that I actually remembered anything at all](表语从句).
milestone [英] [ˈmaɪlˌstəʊn][美] [ˈmaɪlˌston]
(A milestone is an important event in the history or development of something or someone. )
n.里程碑(=landmark);划时代事件

so that I was positive I should recognize it as familiar territory.
因此,我相信这段路对我来说会是很熟悉的.
be familiar to
(If someone or something is familiar to you, you recognize them or know them well.)
被某人熟悉
be familiar with sth  熟悉、认知
familiar friend 闺蜜、密友(比close friend还亲密)
territory[英] [ˈteritəri][美] [ˈtɛrɪˌtɔri, -ˌtori
(Territory is land which is controlled by a particular country or ruler.)
n.领土,版图;领地(强调政治上划分的); [商]势力范围
(You can use territory to refer to an area of knowledge or experience.)      
n.领域,范围;
field :领域、土地

Well, I had been wrong, for I was now  lost.
唉,实际我错了,我现在迷路了.

I looked at the map and then at the milometer.
我看了看地图,然后看了看里程表。
milometer [maiˈlɔmitə]
n. 里程表
(注意发音)
I had come ten miles since leaving the town, and at this point, according to my father, I should be looking at farms and cottages in a valley, with the spire of the church of our village showing in the far distance.
从小镇出来,我走了10英里.照父亲的说法,我面前应是一个山谷,有农场与村舍,还可远远望见老家村子里的教堂的尖顶.
miles n 英里( A mile is a unit of distance equal to 1,760 yards or approximately 1.6 kilometres)
kilometer n 千米、公里
be miles away 分心 (distracted)
Sorry,I didn’t hear what you said,I was miles away
at this point 在此时
=at this moment
point out 指出
in point of 关于、就。。而论
make one’s point 阐述某人的观点  I want to make my point
to the point/be on the mark  adv 切题、中肯
do have point 抓住要点
with the spire of the church of our village showing in the far distance.
(with+n+doing 现在分词的独立主格作伴随状语)
spire [英] [spaɪə][美] [spaɪr]
n.螺旋;塔尖;尖塔;[动]螺旋部,(软体动物的)螺塔
vt.给…装尖塔
vi.塔状矗立;螺旋形上升
dome [英] [dəum][美] [dom]
n.圆屋顶;像圆屋顶一样的东西;圆顶体育场
vt.加圆屋顶于…上
vi.成圆顶状

独立主格
1.特点:主语不一致,逗号隔开。
2.结构:(1)名词(代词)+现在分词:It being rainny(逻辑主语“it”指天气,与句子主语”we”不一致),we decide to stay at home.
   (2)名词(代词)+过去分词:more time given,we should have done it much better.
(3)名词(代词)+介短:the teacher came into the classroom,book in hand(木有with 其逻辑主语不能加修饰词(包括冠词)).(with a book in her hand)
(4)名词(代词)+形容词/副词:he stood silent in the moon-light,his door open.
(5)名词(代词)+不定式:here is the first edition of lonely planet,the second one to come out next year.(不定式表将来的动作)

TEST
1.——no bus,we had to walk home.
a. there being  b.being  c.having being   d.there was

2.——no bus,we had to walk home.
a.as there being(有连词又有非谓语又有逻辑主语 排除)  
b.as there was(as引导原因状语从句 √)  
c.being (being no bus的主语若为“we”句意不通)  
d.there was(没有连词不能引导从句)


3.——Sunday, the library doesn't open.
a. being(逻辑主语若为“library”明显句意不通)
b. there being (“there be” 结构是为存在句 不宜用于此句)
c.it being  (“it”指天气作为being的逻辑主语 √)
d.having been (理由与a类似)


4.——sunday,the library doesn't open.
a.as it being (有连词和主语不宜再用非谓语形式—“being”)
b being(原因与上句a类似)
c it is (句子缺少连词)  
d as it is (as引导原因状语从句 √)


with+复合宾语
构成:with+宾语+宾语补足语(分词,不定式,形容词,副词,名词等)
1.with +宾语+现在分词
eg.he fell asleep with the lamp burning. (与之前:名词(代词)+现在分词类似,只不过这一结构多用于伴随状语)
2.with+名词(或代词)+过去分词
eg.the old man was listening to the radio ,with his eyes half closed(此处过去分词表状态,不表被动)
3.with+宾语(或代词)+动词不定式
eg.with so many books to read(动名词独立主格表原因),i couldnt go out with you.
4.with+宾语(或代词)+介词短语
he was asleep with his head on his arms.
5.with+宾语(或代词)+形容/副词
the man was sleeping with the window open.

TEST
1.——so much homework to do,i wont have time to see the film tonight.
a.with (with+宾语(或代词)+动词不定式 作原因状语)
b.to    c. for    d.in

2.many larger cities,such as liverpool and new york,have had experiments of this kind,——old factories turned into(被改造成) successful art center.
a.for
b.with ( with+名词(或代词)+过去分词)
c.as   d.like
3.——and no way to reduce her pain and suffering from the terrible disease,the patient sought her doctor's help to end her life.
a.having given up up no hope of cure
b.with no hope for cure  (and 连接并列结构 with no hope for cure and no way to reduce 为介词短语作原因状语,suffering from 的逻辑主语为 “patient” 与句子主语一致 √)
c.there being no hope for cure  (there be 结构的现在分词作原因状语
d.in the hope of cure

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