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[特色课堂] 特色课堂-逍遥老师2012年3月30日

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发表于 2012-3-30 07:36:13 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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发表于 2012-3-31 08:43:43 | 显示全部楼层
2012-3-30-逍遥课堂笔记
过去分词作补语
1) Patients are found frustrated and depressed when they are told the truth about their diseases.
à主动we found patients frustrated and depressed when they are told the truth about their diseases.我们发现病人在得知他们的病情以后往往很沮丧
2) Career women should have work and household chores well dealt with. 职业女性应该处理好工作和家庭琐事
find sb/sth +n/adj
I find you a good teacher我发现你是个好老师.
I will find you a good teacher我会为你找个好老师
I find teaching(非谓语动词,宾语成分) rewarding我发现教书育人是有回报的
过去分词作状语
1) Confronted with such a pressing(紧迫的ergent) unemployment problem, many experts bring up constructive solutions. 面对这样一种严重的失业问题,许多专家给出了建设性的解决方案
àWhen experts are confronted with such a pressing unemployment problem, they bring up constructive solutions.
pressing= urgent
2) When asked whether some kind of infectious disease breaks out, the government will deny it sometimes.当被问及是否有传染性疾病暴发,政府有时会否认
传染病:infectious disease /epidemics/malaria疟疾
eg:
The teacher walked into the classroom followed by a group of students
The teacher followed by a group of students entered the classroom.
followed by a group of students,The teacher entered the classroom.
When/Because it rained outside, I stayed at home.
confront /face面对
独立主格
1 Economic conditions permitting, no one prefers wearing out-of-date clothes.
à if economic conditions permit, no one prefers wearing out-of-date clothes.
2 Everything taken into consideration, mandatory retirement is a brutal violation of the elders’ right to work.
---when everything is taken into consideration mandatory retirement is a brutal violation of the elders’ right to work.当我们把所有的因素都考虑到的话,强制性退休制度是对老年工作者权利的
侵犯:Invade/ violate/ infringe/ intrude
1) Policemen with pistols seem awful and inviolable. 佩戴枪支的警察感觉威严不可侵犯。
inviolable----violable可被侵犯的-----violate    violator侵犯者

Invade freedom
Intrude on one’s right(s) to do sth/ of sth
Infringe on privacy
Violation , invasion intrusion, infringement (
侵犯)
One’s right of subsistence=one’s right to live 某人的生存权

剥夺某人的权利 deprive sb of sth. Deprivation
第一部分的Homework: 翻译句子
动物实验感觉不人道,因为其侵犯动物生存权
20年前,青少年犯罪的概念几乎无法想象
1)  media violence can affect children's health.
2)  Gambling breeds crimes and destruction.
3)  The government should constitute more rigid laws and regulations to curb the soaring  crime rate. 政府应该制定更强硬的法律法规去制止剧烈上升的犯罪率

enact laws 制定法律

4)Drug addiction and gambling induce crimes. 药物成瘾和赌博诱发犯罪
.
5) China arrested 69780 juvenile delinquents in 2003.
6) Studies have found higher crime rates in death penalty countries.
7) The installation of cameras in public places deters would-be criminals.
8) Strict gun control reduces the threat of crime.
9) Legalization of guns and gambling only creates crime and related social  harms.
10) Extensive viewing of television violence by children causes greater aggressiveness.
下面这一大段内容是逍遥给的提示,可以从中找到课后作业中待翻译句子得线索和提示
(1)追根溯源
一般是倒叙,分为从古到今,或者从传统到现代。
Example 1:
As little as 30 years ago, the notation of teenagers committing crimes seemed almost unthinkable. Today, however, it is increasingly common for teenagers to be involved in serious crimes.
Example 2:
As little as 20 years ago, the Internet was only used by governments or large companies. Nowadays, however, it has played an indispensable role in people’s daily life.
Example 3:
In a tradition sense, zoos are regard as places for education or entertainment. Today, some people begin to reconsider its value, claiming that it is very cruel to wild animals.
Key words and expressions:
notation, indispensable
不可或缺的.
1) Environmental problem is too big for individual countries and individual people to address. In other words, we have reached the stage where the only way to protect the environment is at an international level. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
Example:In modern society, more often than not, environment related issues have confronted ecological scientists, government agencies and the general public. While they are making coordinated efforts to curb the global environmental deterioration, the downward spiral can hardly be reversed. In my opinion, the environmental protection can only be achieved by promoting people’s awareness.
3) The government should constitute more rigid laws and regulations to curb the soaring crime rate. 政府应该制定更强硬的法律法规去制止剧烈上升的犯罪率
enact laws 制定法律
Language points:
confront (v.) 遭遇,冲突。

The government found itself confronted by massive opposition.
agency (n.) 机构,代理组织。

You can book at your local travel agency.
coordinated (adj.) 联合的,协作的

Our efforts need to be further coordinated for higher efficiency.
joint efforts = concerted efforts
curb (v.)阻止,阻拦
A range of policies aimed at curbing inflation have been introduced.
spiral (n.) 螺旋线

The birds circled in a slow spiral above the house.
awareness (n.) 意识
= consciousness
It is important that students develop an awareness of how the Internet can be used.
raise/elevate/enhance public awareness/consciousness of
conscience 良心
deterioration (n.) 恶化
v       n.
worsen worsening
degrade degradation
deteriorate deterioration
exacerbate exacerbation
aggravate aggravation
Worsen
3 补语是不定式 (第5句话)
1) The internet enables users to access violence and pornography easily.
互联网让用户轻易接触暴(河蟹) 力和色(河蟹)情。
Violence and pornography = violent and pornographic contents/scenes= blood and nudity=indecent/inappropriate/offensive materials
2) Parents should encourage their children to take part in more rewarding activities.
家长们应该鼓励他们的孩子们去参加有益的活动。

3) Parents always expect their children to be head and shoulders over others.
家长们总期待他们孩子比别人高人一等。

Head and shoulders = superior to
下节课要讲的话题内容:
Example
Write about the following topics:
1 In some countries, it is now possible for people to buy a wide variety of foods transported from all over the world. To what extent do the benefits of this development outweigh the drawbacks?好处多还是坏处多

Experts have spent years poring over surveys and compiling data, trying to come up with conclusive evidence as to whether the imported foods bring benefits or drawbacks. It seems that every few years the opinion swings from one extreme to the other. However, the debate on the value of imported foods is not as subjective as we may be led to believe.
本课第二部分:小说泛读
Mr. Sherlock Holmes, who was usually very late in the mornings早上起得很迟, save upon those not infrequent occasions when he was up all night, was seated at the breakfast table. I stood upon the hearth-rug(壁炉)and picked up the stick which our visitor had left behind him the night before. It was a fine, thick piece of wood, bulbous(球状)-headed, of the sort which is known as a ‘Penang lawyer.’ Just under the head was a broad silver band(箍) nearly an inch across. ‘To James Mortimer, M.R.C.S., from his friends of the C.C. H.,’ was engraved刻印upon it, with the date ‘1884.’ It was just such a stick as the old-fashioned family旧时家庭医生 practitioner used to carry—dignified庄严的,solid结实的, and reassuring.
‘Well, Watson, what do you make of it你对这个手杖有什么看法?’
Holmes was sitting with his back to me背对着我
, and I had given him no sign of my occupation.
‘How did you know what I was doing? I believe you have eyes in the back of your head.’
‘I have, at least, a well-polished擦得很亮的, silver-plated coffee-pot银子做的咖啡壶in front of me,’ said he. ‘But, tell me, Watson, what do you make of our visitor’s stick Since we have been so unfortunate as to miss him and have no notion of his errand(n. 差使,差事), this accidental souvenir(n. 纪念品) becomes of importance. Let me hear you reconstruct the man by an
examination of it. I think,’ said I, following as far as I could(通过沿用我同伴的方法) the methods of my companion(福尔摩斯), ‘that Dr. Mortimer is a successful, elderly medical man, well-esteemed(受人尊敬的) since those who know him give him this mark of their appreciation因为认识他的人给了他手杖表示感谢.’‘Good!’ said Holmes. ‘Excellent!’‘I think also that the probability可能性 is in favour of his being a country practitioner乡村医生 who does a great deal of his visiting on foot步行.’
‘Why so?’
‘Because this stick, though originally a very handsome美观 one has been so knocked about that I can hardly imagine a town practitioner carrying it我很难想象医生带着它. The thick-iron ferrule(n. 金属手杖等的,金属环,套圈) is worndown磨损, so it is evident that he has done a great amount of walking with it很明显他靠这个手杖走了很多路
.’
‘Perfectly sound!’ said Holmes.
‘And then again, there is the ‘friends of the C.C.H.’ I should guess that to be the Something Hunt狩猎组织
, the local hunt to whose members he has possibly given some surgical assistance,
and which has made him a small presentation in return作为回报.’
‘Really, Watson, you excel(v. 胜过,优于,擅长) yourself,’ said Holmes, pushing back his chair and lighting a cigarette. ‘I am bound to(必须说,不得不说)say that in all the accounts which you have been so good as to give of my own small achievements you have habitually(习惯性地)
underrated(v. 低估,估计过低,看轻) your own abilities你总是记着我微不足道的成就而低估你自己的能力. It may be that you are not yourself luminous(a. 发光的,发亮的)也许你本身不能发光, but you are a conductor of light光的导体.Some people without possessing(拥有) genius没有天赋 have a remarkable power of stimulating it但有能激发天赋的力量. I confess承认, my dear fellow, that I am very much in your debt伙计,我欠你很多.’
Insulator绝缘体
bulbous:  a. 球根的,球根状的,由球根生长的
         记录人---小白堂
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