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Lesson 28 No parking 禁止停车 (一)

已有 668 次阅读2012-5-16 00:23 | parking

                                             Lesson 28  No parking  禁止停车 (一)

New words and expressions 生词和短语

rare adj. 罕见的
ancient adj. 古代的,古老的
myth n. 神话故事
trouble n. 麻烦
effect n. 结果,效果
Medusa n. 美杜莎(古希腊神话中3位蛇发女怪这一)
Gorgon n. (古希腊神话中的)3位蛇发女怪这一(凡见其貌者都会变成石头)



Analysis of words单词解析

1.rare  adj.稀有的,罕见的;半熟的
That bird is very rare in this country.那种鸟在国家很稀有
above在。。上面
go above
The higher we go above the earth, the rarer the air is离地面越高,空气越稀薄
i'd like my steak rare,please
it is rare for sb to do...某人做某事很罕见
it is rare for him to be absent.他缺席很少见。

2.ancient adj. 古代的,古老的(不能用来修饰人,只能修饰物)
Ancient of Days神;上帝
ancient city古城
ancient history古代史
a very ancient-looking dress一件样式古旧的衣裳
old,aged,antique,old,senior
old adj.古老的。先前的 (可用于人,物,事)
old people 老年人
old shoes 旧的鞋
old job 先前的工作
senior  年长的,资深的
senior citizen 老年人
aged 正式用于形容人年老的,体弱的
an aged gentleman 年老体弱的绅士
antique 形容东西又古老又珍贵
antique silver 古钱币

3.myth n. 神话故事
The myth  about elephants charms every child.那个虚构的大象故事吸引了每个小孩

4.trouble n. 麻烦,困难,困境
in trouble 处于困境
the boy caused a lot of trouble to his parents ,he was always introuble.这个小男孩给他父亲带来很多麻烦,他很苦恼
Students who just from college have trouble during the realities
We are in trouble.
ask for trouble =   look for trouble 自找麻烦
make trouble 惹麻烦

5.effect n. 结果,效果
One of the side effects of this drug is the easiness of habit-forming
这种药的副作用之一就是容易上瘾。
in effect  实际上
The old system is still in effect旧的制度依然有效
take effect起作用
the medicine quickly took effect



课文内容:
Jasper White is one of those rare people who believes in ancient myths. he has just bought a new house in the city, but ever since he moved in, he has had trouble with cars and their owners. When he returns home at night, he always finds that someone has parked a car outside his gate. Because of this, he has not been able to get his own car into his garage even once. Jasper has put up 'No Parking' signs outside his gate, but these have not had any effect. Now he has put an ugly stone head over the gate. It is one of the ugliest faces I have ever seen. I asked him what it was and he told me that it was Medusa, the Gorgon. jasper hopes that she will turn cars and their owners to stone. But none of them has been turned to stone yet!


参考译文

贾斯珀.怀特是少有的相信古代神话的人之一。他刚在城里买下一所新房子,但自从搬进去后,就和汽车及车主们发生了磨擦。当他夜里回到家时,总是发现有人把车停在他家大门外。为此,他甚至一次也没能把自己的车开进车库。贾斯珀曾把几块“禁止停车”的牌子挂在大门外边,但没有任何效果。现在他把一个丑陋的石雕头像放在了大门上边,这是我见过的最丑陋的头像之一。我问他那是什么?他告诉我那是蛇发女怪美杜莎。贾斯珀希望她把汽车和车主们都变成石头。但到目前为止还没有一个变成石头呢! 


课文讲解:

1.No parking
No smoking

2.Jasper White主 is系 one 表
of those rare people定语
believes in谓语

keep one's word守信用
Keep promise守信用
i don't like  people who  never keep their word
i don't like lazy people

Jasper White is one of those rare people who believes in ancient myths.
Very few people believes in ancient myths, but Jasper White does.

1)当“oneof+复数名词”在句子中充当主语时,实际主语是one,紧跟其后的谓语动词一定用单数形式。
我的一个学生是律师。
one of my stedents is a lawer

2)当“oneof+复数名词”后加定语从句时,因为定语从句的关系代词所修饰的先行词不是one,而是of后面的复数名词,所以从句的谓语动词一定用复数形式。
Our organization is just one of many charities that are providing famine relief in the region.
我们的组织仅仅是为这个饥荒地区提供救济的慈善组织之一

3)要注意,当one前有the,the very,the only等修饰限制时,从句中的谓语动词一定要用单数。
believe in相信
believe in God


3.he has just bought a new house in the city, but ever since he moved in, he has had trouble with cars and their owners.
he主 has 谓 just 状语bought 谓语
in the city地点状语
but连词
ever since he moved in状语从句
ever since 引导词
he 主语
has had 谓语动词
trouble宾语
with cars and their owners.伴随状语

in the city 在城市里
in the suburb在郊区
in the country 在乡村
I live in the suburb of Beijing and i work in the city
in 大地方  国家,洲
at 小地方  小城,小镇
have trouble with sb/sth和某人或者某物有摩擦
Mr.Green always has trouble with his neighbours.格林先生总是和他的邻居有矛盾

move in搬入。
move out 迁出
move over腾出空位


4.When he returns home at night, he always finds that someone has parked a car outside his gate.
When he returns home at night时间状语从句
When引导词 he主 returns谓 home宾 at night状
he 主语      always时间状语     find谓语      that宾语从句引导词       someone has parked a car outside his gate宾语从句
someone has parked a car outside his gate
someone主语
has parked谓语
a car宾语
outside his gate地点状语
someone 主
V+ home
特殊情况:stay at home


5.Because of this, he has not been able to get his own car into his garage even once.
Because of this原因状语
he主语  has not been able to get谓语    his own 定语car宾语
 into his garage地点状语 even once 频度状语
1)because+从句
I came late,because it was raining outside.
2)because of+名词性短语
i came late because of the traffic jam
3)for+名词性短语/从句
For some reason,it came into use
4)due to+名词性短语
My illness was due to terrible food.
我生病是因为吃了变质的食物造成的。
5)thanks to+名词性短语
It was thanks to John that we won the game.多亏了约翰,我们才赢了这场比赛。
6)owing to+名词性短语
They could not cross the river owing to the flood.由于洪水,他们不能过河。
注意:
1)because引导的从句可以放在句末或句中,而for引导的句子不能放在句中。
2)在回答why的提问句时,只能用because回答,而不能用for回答。
3)because可以与not…but…连用,而for不可以与not…but…连用。
I did it not because I liked it but I had to do it.
我做这件事不是因为喜欢做,而是因为不得不做

drive car into somewhere.把车撞进某地,撞车
get car into somewhere.把车开进某地

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