侯19850127 发表于 2009-2-17 13:08:06

英语介词大观

<P><FONT color=blue>一、常用介词 <BR>(一)、ABOUT <BR><BR>1.动词+about+sth.。about在此表示"论及,谈起,涉及,着手"等意思: <BR>arrange about安排,argue about辩论, ask about询问,bring about带来, <BR>chat about闲聊,care about在意,complain about报怨,go about着手, <BR>hear about听说, inquire about打听,know about了解, quarrel about争论, <BR>read about读到, see about负责处理,set about开始, speak about谈起, <BR>talk about谈论, think about考虑, trouble about担心,tell about讲述, <BR>worry about着急。现举例说明其中一些短语的用法: <BR>She inquired about my brother. 她向我打听有关我兄弟的情况。 <BR>I must set about my packing. 我必须开始收拾行装。 <BR>What are you chatting about 你们在聊什么呢? <BR><BR>2. be +形容词+about+sth.。about在此意思是"为…,对…",接表原因的词: <BR>be anxious about为…着急, be bad about对…感到不舒服,be busy about忙于…, <BR>be careful about小心…, be certain about对…有把握, be concerned about关心…, <BR>be crazy about为…发狂,be excited about为…感到激动, be happy about为…而高兴, <BR>be mad about为…发疯,be nervous about对…感到紧张, be particular about挑剔…, <BR>be pleased about为…兴奋,be strict about对…严格,be thoughtful about对…考虑周到的, <BR>be uneasy about为…感受到不安。请看例句: <BR>What have you been busy about today 今天在忙些什么? <BR>You are certainly very thoughtful about others. 你为别人想得太周到了。 <BR>I'm strict about such things. 对这些事我是很严格的。 <BR>注:come about发生,get about(疾病、谣言)流行,turn about转身, <BR>leave about到处乱放,lie about随便堆放,put about打扰;传播, <BR>put oneself about使…发愁。这些词组中about作副词,此时about不能接宾语。 <BR><BR>(二)、AFTER <BR><BR>1.动词+ after。介词after有"追赶,问候,效仿"之意:ask after问候, be after寻求, <BR>do(sth.)after学着做,go after设法得到, inquire after问候, look after寻找, <BR>run after追求, seek after追逐, take after长得像。例如: <BR>Every afternoon he called to ask after his girl friend. <BR>他每天下午都打电话问候他的女朋友。 <BR>The boy takes after his father. 这男孩长得像他父亲。 <BR>The dogs went after the wounded deer. 一群狗在追赶那只受伤的鹿。 <BR><BR>2.after构成的其它短语。after在不同的短语中意思各异: <BR>after a littlemomentwhile过了一会,after all毕竟,after dark天黑以后, <BR>after one's heart合…的心, after school放学后, after service售后服务, <BR>after the fashion勉强, day after day日复一日, <BR>one after another一个接一个,year after year年复一年。例如: <BR>Don't be too strict with him. After all he is still a child. <BR>不要太苛刻了,毕竟他还是个孩子。 <BR>He can speak and write English after a fashion. <BR>他多少会说和写一点英语,但不太好。 <BR><BR>(三)、AT <BR><BR>1.动词+ at。at表示"指向某一目标,到达某地":arrive at抵达, <BR>call at访问某地, catch at(it)当场抓住, come at攻击, fire at向…开火, <BR>glance at瞟一眼, glare at怒目而视, grieve at忧伤,knock at敲, <BR>laugh at嘲笑, look at看一眼, pull at拉扯, rejoice at对…高兴, <BR>smile at向某人微笑, shoot at朝…射击, stare at怒目而视, <BR>thrust at刺向, tear at撕, tremble at颤抖,wonder at吃惊,work at工作。例如: <BR>Don't let me catch you again at it.不要再让我当场逮住你。 <BR>We must "shoot the arrow at the target". 我们必须有的放矢。 <BR>They trembled at the sight of the peasant's spears. <BR>看到农民的梭标,他们阵阵发抖。 <BR><BR>2. be +形容词过去分词+ at。其中at表示"情绪、情感的原因, <BR>或对某物具有某种感情":be angry at恼怒于, be alarmed at对…保持警觉, <BR>be astonished at对…吃惊, be bad at不擅长, be clever at对某事很灵巧, <BR>be delighted at高兴,be disgusted at厌恶, be disappointed at对…失望, <BR>be good at擅长, be impatient at对…不够耐心, be mad at狂热于, <BR>be pleased at对…感到高兴, be present at出席, be satisfied at满意, <BR>be surprised at吃惊, be shocked at对…非常震惊,be terrified at受到…的恐吓, <BR>be quick at对…很机敏。例如: <BR>They were overjoyed at his return to work. 他们对他重返工作感到欣喜。 <BR>They are alarmed at the growth of the liberation movement in the colonies. <BR>他们对殖民地日益壮大的解放运动警觉起来。 <BR><BR>3.at+名词构成的词组:at a distance在一定距离,at a loss不知所措, <BR>at a time一次,at all一点也不,at any cost不惜一切代价,at best最好也只是, <BR>at first起初,at hand手头,at heart在内心里,at home在家; <BR>无拘束,at last最后,at least至少,at most最多,at once马上,at present目前, <BR>at sea不知所措,at times有时,at will任意地,at work起作用,at worst最坏。 <BR><BR>4.其它含有at的短语:work hard at勤奋工作,drop in at顺路拜访。<BR><BR>(四)、FOR <BR><BR>1.动词+for <BR>a)动词+for。for表原因、目的:account for解释;说明, answer for对…负责, <BR>apply for申请;请求, apologize for为…而道歉, beg for请求, call for要求, <BR>care for在意, enter for报名参加, fight for为…而战, hope for希望, <BR>inquire for查询;求见, leave for离开某地到另一地, look for寻找, long for盼望, <BR>mistake for误认为, plan for计划做某事, prepare for为…作准备, <BR>provide for为…提供, reach for伸手去拿, run for竞选, stand for象征, <BR>search for搜寻, send for派人去请, speak for陈述意见、 <BR>愿望, take for当作, wish for希望, wait for等待。例如: <BR>His illness accounts for his absence. 他因病缺席。 <BR>The baby reached for the apple but couldn't reach it. <BR>那婴儿伸手去苹果,但够不着。 <BR>He who would search for pearls must dive below. <BR>要想找到珍珠,必须潜到海底。 <BR>b)动词+sb.+ for +sth.。for表示原因或目的:ask for要求得到, <BR>blame for因…责备, excuse for宽恕, forgive for谅解, pardon for原谅, <BR>pay for花钱买, praise for称赞, punish for对…进行惩罚, <BR>push for催逼,reward for酬谢, thank for对…表示谢意。例如: <BR>Please excuse me for my being late. 请原谅我的迟到。 <BR>Forgive me for my keeping you waiting. 请见谅,让你久等了。 <BR><BR>2. be +形容词+for。for表作用、目的、对人或物有某种情绪等: <BR>be anxious for急于做, be eager for渴望, be bad for有害于, <BR>be convenient for便于, be good for利于, be famous for以…出名, <BR>be fit for适合于, be grateful for对…心存感激, be impatient for对…不耐烦, <BR>be late for迟到, be necessary for有必要, be ready for作好准备, <BR>be sorry for为…而后悔, be responsible for对…负责, <BR>be suitable for适合于, be unfit for不适合, be useful for对…有作用。例如: <BR>He is eager for success. 他渴望成功。 <BR>The government is responsible for the nation's welfare. <BR>政府负责民众的福利。 <BR><BR>3.for+名词构成的词组:for all尽管,for a song非常便宜地, <BR>for certain确切地,for company陪着,for ever永远,for example例如, <BR>for fear以免,for fair肯定地,for free免费,for fun为了好玩, <BR>for good永远,for instance比方,for luck祝福,for life终身, <BR>for long长久,for nothing白白地,for once有生第一次,for oneself替自己, <BR>for pleasure为了消遣,for reason因为…理由,for sale供出售, <BR>for shame真不害臊,for short简称,for sport好玩,for sure确切地。 <BR><BR>4.动词+副词名词+for构成的短语:be in for将遇到,make up for弥补, <BR>go in for从事,l o ok out for提防,take sth. for granted把…当作理所当然, <BR>have an ear for音感好, have a gift for有某方面的天赋。<BR><BR>(五)、FROM <BR><BR>1.动词+from <BR>a)动词+ from。from表示"来源、原因、起始"等:come from来自, <BR>date from追溯, depart from违背, die from死于, escape from逃出, <BR>fall from自…跌落, hang from垂挂, hear from收到来信, <BR>learn from向某人学习, return from自某地返回, <BR>rise from自…冒出, result from起因于, suffer from忍受。例如: <BR>All the characters in the book are drawn from real life. <BR>书中所有的人物都来自于真实的生活。 <BR>Any damage resulting from negligence must be paid for by the borrower. <BR>因疏忽引起的任何损坏都应由借用者负责赔偿。 <BR>He has recovered from his surprise. 他好不容易回过神来。 <BR>b)动词+ sth.sb. +from + sth. sb. a place。from表示"来源、免于"等: <BR>borrow from向…借, choose from选自, excuse from免除, keep from阻止做, <BR>prevent from不准做, protect from不受…之害, receive from收到, <BR>remove from移动;除去, save from保全;拯救, separate from分离开来, stop from阻止。例如: <BR>He was excused from attendance at the lecture. 他获准可不去听课。 <BR>Stop the child from spoiling the book. 不要让孩子弄坏了书。 <BR><BR>2. be +形容词+ from。此时from含义众多:be absent from缺席, <BR>be different from与众不同, be far from更不用说, be hidden from躲避, <BR>be made from用…制成, be tired from因…而疲倦。例如: <BR>The boy can't walk and is far from running.那男孩不会走路,更不用说跑了。  <BR><BR>3.from…to…。本短语表示从一种状态到另一状态的变化或从…到…: <BR>from bad to worse每况愈下,from beginning to end自始至终, <BR>from cover to cover从头到尾,from China to Peru到处, <BR>from day to day一天一天地,from door to door挨家挨户, <BR>from end to end从头至尾,from first to last自始至终, <BR>from hand to mouth勉强糊口,from head to foot从头到脚, <BR>from mouth to mouth广泛流传,from sun to sun从日出到日落, <BR>from start to finish从头开始,from top to toe从头到脚, <BR>from time to time不时地,from top to bottom彻底地。<!-- google_ad_section_end --><BR></FONT></P>
<P><FONT color=blue>二.按概数的构成分类 <BR><BR>1.以容器量化的方式表达概数: a bag of, two baskets of, <BR>a mouthful of, a plate of, a pot of, a mug of, a pack of ( 一包 ), <BR>a pail of( 一桶 ),a bowl of, a basin of, three cups of <BR><BR>we bought three bags of groceries.我们买了三袋食品。 <BR><BR>they ate a basket of plums.他们吃了一篮李子。 <BR><BR>if there’s only a mouthful of food left in the bowl, <BR>i will give it to you.如果有我一口饭,我都让给你。 <BR><BR>on the table was a plate of beef and vegetables. <BR>桌上有一盘牛肉和青菜。 <BR><BR>father is a heavy smoker. he smoked a pack of cigarettes a day. <BR>爸爸烟瘾大,一天一包烟。 <BR><BR>two pots of jam were used in cooking.做饭用了两瓶果酱。 <BR><BR>i have a mug of milk and some bread for my breakfast. <BR>我喝一大杯牛奶吃一点面包作为早餐。 <BR><BR>2.用介词结构表达概数: in large quantities, in great numbers, <BR>in large amounts, , in pairs, in groups, in pieces, in dozens, <BR>in scores, in one’s thousands, in one’s thirties, in bulk, <BR>in multitude, in plenty, in the 1990’s, in quantity, in pack, <BR>by ones and twos, by twos and threes , over..., around…, about…, <BR>below…, more than…, without numbers <BR><BR>pack them in dozens.论打包装。 <BR><BR>he is a young man in his thirties.他是一位30多岁的年轻人。 <BR><BR>people came in scores.大家结队而来。 <BR><BR>activities are coming forward in great numbers.活动积极分子纷纷涌向前来。 <BR><BR>they wandered off in pairs and chatted about their own affairs. <BR>他们成双成对结伴而行,聊着家常小事。 <BR><BR>things are usually cheaper if they are bought in bulk. <BR>批量采购会便宜一些。 <BR><BR>resources in plenty can be found in this territory. <BR>本地能找到丰富的资源。 <BR><BR>the farms have water in plenty to last through the dry season. <BR>农场水源充足,可供旱季使用。 <BR><BR><BR>heroic fighters emerged in multitude. <BR>英勇的战士大量涌现。 <BR><BR>it is often less expensive to buy goods in quantity. <BR>批量购物要便宜不少。 <BR><BR>some people are standing about in small groups under the tree. <BR>人们站在树下,三五成群。 <BR><BR>people began to leave the meeting by ones and twos. <BR>大家三三两两地离开会场。 <BR><BR>wolves hunt in packs.狼成群捕食。 <BR><BR>3.借比喻或引申表达概数: a mountain of, an ocean of, oceans of, <BR>bags of( 很多 ), a dose of( 大量 ),a stream of, <BR>a suggestion of ( 一点点 ), a suspicion of( 少许 ) <BR><BR>he has a mountain of dirty clothes to wash. <BR>他有一大堆脏衣服要洗。 <BR><BR>a mountain of letters arrived just after the report. <BR>报告之后信件纷至沓来。 <BR><BR>oceans of time and money were/ an ocean of time <BR>and money was spent on the project.大量时间和大批资金都投入到这项工程。 <BR><BR>no need to be hurried. we have bags of time. <BR>不必着急,我们有充足的时间。 <BR><BR>there were bags of opportunities, but they lost them all. <BR>机会众多,但他们都错过了。 <BR><BR>in the accident, the workers received a heavy dose of radiation. <BR>工人在事故中受到严重幅射。 <BR><BR>streams of cars were passing by.一串串汽车急驰而过。 <BR><BR>there was a suggestion of boredom in his tone.在他声音里有一丝疲乏。 <BR><BR>she added a suspicion of garlic to the stew.他在?肉里加了一点蒜。 <BR><BR>there was a suspicion of tears in her eyes.他的眼中有一丝泪痕。<!-- google_ad_section_end --><BR></FONT></P>
<P><FONT color=blue>三.谈谈介词的否定意义 <BR>介词在英语中属于“小词”,事实上介词在英语中发挥的效力可不小。 <BR>介词在英语中起着"螺丝钉”的作用,它随处可见,且功能强大。 <BR>其功能之一就是,它可以和介词宾语一起构成许多否定意义的成语或词组。 <BR>介词否定表达简捷明意义深刻,其译文多采用译。 <BR><BR>1.above <BR><BR>the text is above me.(无法理解) <BR><BR>she thinks she is above criticism. (不容批评) <BR><BR>the child is above all nervousness. (一点也不紧张) <BR><BR>his conduct has always been above suspicion. (无可怀疑) <BR><BR>i think a gentleman like him is above doing such a thing. (不屑于) <BR><BR>don’t depend on me. it’s above my bend. (力不所及) <BR><BR>he is above the weather now. (无病的) <BR><BR>2.against <BR><BR>almost everything was against him. (不利于) <BR><BR>he’s always doing his best, against all odds. (不计成败) <BR><BR>3.at <BR><BR>the point is to win at any cost. (不惜一切代价) <BR><BR>at any rate, we’ve done something for you now. (不管怎样) <BR><BR>on the spot he was completely at sea. (不知所措) <BR><BR>4.behind <BR><BR>the train is running behind time. (不准时) <BR><BR>your ideas are all behind the times. (跟不上时代) <BR><BR>5.between <BR><BR>the secret is between ourselves. (不得外传) <BR><BR><BR>6.before <BR><BR>before long he realized that he was wrong. (不久) <BR><BR>i slipped out before the lecture began. (不等) <BR><BR>the guerrillas (游击队员) would fight to death before they surrendered. ( <BR><BR>决不) <BR><BR>7.beneath <BR><BR>lying is beneath him. (不合身分) <BR><BR>such a fellow as that is beneath my notice. (不值一理) <BR><BR>8.beside <BR><BR>what you said is quite beside the point. (不关正题) <BR><BR>9.beyond <BR><BR>the news is beyond belief. (难以置信) <BR><BR>the stars are beyond number. (数不清) <BR><BR>the scene was beyond deion. (无法形容) <BR><BR>good advice is beyond price. (无价) <BR><BR>the facts are beyond dispute. (毋庸置疑) <BR><BR>my happiness was beyond words. (难以言表) <BR><BR>doing such a thing is quite beyond my power. (无能为力) <BR><BR>与beyond 构成的短语还有:beyond all doubt毫无疑问; <BR>beyond all praise赞美不完; <BR>beyond comparison无与伦比;beyond control无法控制; <BR>beyond count不计其数;beyond example没有先例; <BR>beyond expression无法表达;beyond hope无望;beyond question无可争辩。 <BR><BR><BR>10.but <BR><BR>he was anything but pleased when he heard this. (才不) <BR><BR>11.by <BR><BR>what he said took me completely by surprise. (无思想准备) <BR><BR>12.for <BR><BR>for all i care, you can throw it away. (我才不在乎哩) <BR><BR>but for your help i would not have finished the job. (要不是) <BR><BR>he passed the test for a certainty. (无疑) <BR><BR>13.from <BR><BR>the child can’t walk, far from running. (更不用谈) <BR><BR>so far from taking my advice, he went and did just what i warned him <BR><BR>against. (不仅没有) <BR><BR>she kept herself from laughing. (使之不) <BR><BR>i knew he did it from his teeth. (毫无诚意) <BR><BR>14.in <BR><BR>i don’t know what john intends to do; i’m in the dark <BR>about his plans. (不知道) <BR><BR>the people lifted the big stone in a breeze. (毫不费力) <BR><BR>nothing can stop us .we all decide to start our journey <BR>in all weathers. (风雨无阻) <BR><BR>类似的短语还有in the clear不受妨碍; in the cloud心不在焉; <BR>in the egg未成熟;in the log未经加工;in the rough未完成。 <BR><BR>15.in spite of <BR><BR>at the sight he laughed in spite of himself. (不由自主地) <BR><BR>the girl still wanted to marry the poor young man in <BR>spite of her parents’ teeth. (不顾父母的反对) <BR><BR>16.off <BR><BR>keep off the grass. (不靠近) <BR><BR>i’m right off love stories for some reason. (不感兴趣) <BR><BR>he is off smoking now. (不再) <BR><BR>she was off duty yesterday. (不值班) <BR><BR>相似的词组还有off chance不会有机会;off color精神不好; <BR>off guard不警惕;off hand无准备;off one’s feet不能 <BR>控制自己;off sb’s hand不再由某人负责;off one’s mind <BR>不再挂念; off time不合时宜;off work没上工;off time不合时宜。 <BR><BR><BR>17.on <BR><BR>i’m sorry. you’re down on your luck. (运气不佳) <BR><BR>i knew you were on the cross about it. (不老实) <BR><BR>18.out of <BR><BR>out of sight, out of mind. (眼不见,心不烦) <BR><BR>it is quite out of fashion. (不时髦) <BR><BR>the book is out of print. (不再印发) <BR><BR>the man is quite out of humor. (不幽默) <BR><BR>rest was now out of the question. (不可能) <BR><BR>还有相同的搭配ut of all reason无理;out of condition健康状况不好; <BR>out of control失控;out of count不计其数;out of date不合时日; <BR>out of line不成直线;out of luck运气不好;out of place不合时; <BR>out of question毫无疑问;out of time不合时宜。 <BR><BR>19.past <BR><BR>the old man is past work. (无力工作) <BR><BR>those trousers are past mending. (无法修补) <BR><BR>the situation is past hope. (没有希望) <BR><BR>his poetry is past comprehension. (难以理解) <BR><BR>it’s past question. (毫无疑问) <BR><BR>20.to <BR><BR>to a man john’s friends stood by him in his trouble. (毫不例外) <BR><BR>he carried out his orders to the letter. (不折不扣) <BR><BR>the old man had a good memory. he remembered <BR>the past things to a hair. (细毫不差) <BR><BR>to a miracle he recited these poems in a breath. (不可思议) <BR><BR>21.under <BR><BR>i know very well you’re under thirty. (不满) <BR><BR>this packet of butter is under weight. (分量不足) <BR><BR>the boy can’t go to school because he is under age. (年龄不够) <BR>22.with <BR><BR>i’m through with him. (不再来往) <BR><BR>he was through with the job, and he wanted to find something interesting. <BR><BR>(不想干) <BR><BR>the whole project was completed with a wet finger. (毫不费力) <BR><BR>23.without <BR><BR>it was all done without necessary permit. (未经) <BR><BR>you can’t do without money. (没有) <BR><BR>he often goes to school without his breakfast. (不吃) <BR><BR>i have helped him times without number. (无数) <BR><BR>without后还可引导这样一些短语:without a doubt无疑;without a moment’s <BR>thought不加考虑;without day无期限;without end 无穷;without example 没有先例<BR>。<!-- google_ad_section_end --><BR></FONT></P>
<P><FONT color=blue>(六)、in <BR><BR>1.动词+in <BR><BR>a)动词+ in。in在短语中的含义异常丰富:believe in信任, break in碎成, <BR>bring in引起;产生;带来, call in下令收回, fill in填充,get in收获, <BR>hand in上缴, involve in涉及, lie in在于, result in导致, share in共享, <BR>succeed in成功, take in卷起;订阅, turn in归还当局。例如: <BR><BR>he was so short of money that he had to call <BR>in the loans that he had made. 他很缺乏资金,不得不收回所有的款子。 <BR><BR>your failure lies in your laziness. 你失败的原因在于懒惰。 <BR><BR>orders are given to take in sail.已发布收帆的命令。 <BR><BR>b)动词+sb./time/money+ in。介词in后接(doing)sth.:help sb. in <BR>帮助某人做某事, spare time/money in匀出时间或钱做某事, <BR>spend time/money in花时间或钱做某事, <BR>waste time/money in浪费时间或钱做某事。例如: <BR><BR>she offered to help him in the housekeeping when i am not here. <BR>她提出,我不在家时她可以帮助他料理家务。 <BR><BR>2. be +形容词+ in。in表示“在某些方面或穿着”:be active in活跃于, <BR>be absorbed in专心致志, be busy in忙碌, be born in出生于, <BR>be concerned in牵涉, be clothed in穿着, be disappointed in对…失望, <BR>be diligent in勤于, be experienced in在…有经验, be employed in任职于, <BR>be engaged in忙碌, be expert in某方面的专家, be excellent in在…优秀, <BR>be interested in对…有兴趣, be lacking in缺乏, be rich in富有, <BR>be slow in迟缓, be successful in在某方面成功, be skilled in精于, <BR>be strict in严于, be weak in弱于。例如: <BR><BR>she was completely absorbed in her own affairs. 她完全专注于自己的事务。 <BR><BR>more than one person has been concerned in this. 不只一人牵涉到这件事。  <BR><BR>3. in +名词。 in表示“处于某种状态或在某些方面”等意思:in advance提前, <BR>in all总共,in balance总而言之,in bed卧床,in body亲自,in brief简明扼要 <BR><BR>, <BR>in case万一, in charge主管,in danger有危险, in debt负债, in despair失望, <BR>in force大量地;有效,in full全部地, in flower开花,in general一般说来, <BR>in itself本身, in love恋爱, in order井然有序, in person亲自, <BR>in public公开地, in progress有进展, in practice从实践上看, <BR>in rags穿着破衣, in research探索, in return作为报答,in ruins一片废墟, <BR>in short总之,in theory从理论上看, in trouble有麻烦, in tears眼泪汪汪, <BR>in time及时, in turn按顺序, in vain白白地,in view看得见。 <BR><BR>注意下列几个词组中的in为副词:check in到达登记,cut in插嘴,count in包括, <BR>draw in时间接近, drop in顺路拜访, give in屈服, pour in源源而来。 <BR><BR>(七)、of <BR><BR>1.动词+of <BR><BR>a)动词+of。of意为“有关,由于”: beg of(sb.)请求某人,complain of抱怨, <BR>consist of由…构成, die of死于, dream of梦想, hear of听说, know of了解, <BR>speak of谈及, tell of讲到, think of想起, talk of论及。例如: <BR><BR>never has one of them complained of all the trouble we give. <BR>从来没有人抱怨我们带来这么多麻烦。 <BR><BR>carbon dioxide consists of carbon and oxygen. <BR>二氧化碳由碳、氧两种元素组成。 <BR><BR>b)动词+sb.+of+sth.。其中of有“剥夺,有关”之意: <BR>accuse of控告(谴责,非难)某人, cheat of骗走, deprive of剥夺, <BR>inform. of汇报, rob of抢走, remind of提醒, warn of警告。例如: <BR><BR><BR>he has cheated me of my poverty. 他骗走了我的财产。 <BR><BR>they are deprived of their rights as citizens. <BR>他们的公民权都被剥夺了。 <BR><BR>c)动词+sth.+ of +sb.。介词of表动宾关系,后接动作的宾语 <BR>sb.:request of请求(某人做某事), require of要求得到。例如: <BR><BR><BR>all i request of you is that you should come here early. <BR>我唯一的请求就是希望你早点来。 <BR><BR>you have done all the law requires of you. <BR>你做的这一切都是法律对你的要求。 <BR>2. be +形容词+ of。of后接表对象或目标的词,这类短语有很多: <BR>be aware of觉察, be ashamed of以…为耻, be afraid of担心, <BR>be bare of没有, be careful of小心, be clear of还清债务, <BR>be certain of确信, be composed of由…构成, be envious of嫉妒, <BR>be forgetful of健忘, be fond of喜欢, be free of免于; <BR>摆脱, be full of充满, be guilty of认罪, be hopeful of抱有希望, <BR>be informed of汇报, be impatient of对…无耐心, be jealous of嫉妒, <BR>be made of用…制成, be mindful of留意, be proud of以…为骄傲, <BR>be sick of烦于, be short of缺乏, be sure of确信, be tired of困于, <BR>be worthy of值得。 <BR><BR>3.of+名词构成的词组:of age成年, of choice精选的,of course当然, <BR>of late最近,of name有名的,of oneself自动地,of purpose有意地, <BR>of use有用,of values有价值的。 <BR><BR>(八)、on <BR><BR>1.动词+on <BR><BR>a)动词+ on。介词on表示“凭借,产生某结果,接通”等意思: <BR>act on对…有作用, bring on促使;导致, call on拜访某人, <BR>count on依赖, carry on执行, depend on取决, feed on以…为生, <BR>figure on料想;推断, go on继续, have on穿着, insist on坚持, <BR>keep on继续, lean on依赖, live on以…为生, pull on迅速穿上, <BR>put on穿上, switch on接通(电源), take to喜欢;养成;轻易学会, <BR>turn on接通(电源), work on操作, wait on侍候。例如: <BR><BR>this kind of medicine acts on the heart. 这种药对心脏有好处。 <BR><BR>the fine weather brings on the crops nicely. 好天气促使庄稼长势良好。 <BR><BR>we count on you to help. 我们有赖你的帮助。 <BR><BR>b)动词+sb.(sth.)+ on +sb.(sth.)。on的意思是“以…,对…,在某方面”: <BR>base on以…为基础, congratulate on恭贺, fix on固定, have mercy on怜悯, <BR>have pity on怜惜, keep watch on监视, spend on把时间、精力花在某方面。例如 <BR><BR>: <BR><BR>theory should be based on practice. 理论联系实际。 <BR><BR>congratulate on your success in the competition. 恭喜你竞赛获得成功。 <BR><BR>2.be+形容词+on的词组:be dependent on依赖, be hard on对某人苛刻, <BR>be impressed on对…印象深刻, be keen on渴望, be strict on对…严格。例如: <BR><BR>we can’t just be dependent on our parents. 我们不能只依赖父母。 <BR><BR>he is keen on going abroad. 他渴望出国。 <BR><BR>3.on+名词构成的词组:on表示处于某种状态或在某个方位:on board乘(车,飞机) <BR><BR>, <BR>on call听候召唤, on duty值班, on earth到底, on fire着火, on foot步行, <BR>on guard在岗,on hire雇用,on holiday度假,on leave休假,on one’s knees跪 <BR><BR>下, <BR>on one’s way在…的路上,on purpose故意, on sale待售,on shore在岸上, <BR>on time准时, on the move行动, on the other hand另一方面, on the spot当场, <BR>on the tip of one’s tongue快要说出口, on top of在…的顶部,on watch值班。 <BR><BR>(九)、to <BR><BR>1.动词+to <BR><BR>a)动词+ to。介词to意为“达到,指向”等:adjust to适应, attend to处理; <BR>照料, agree to赞同, amount to加起来达…,belong to属于, come to达到, <BR>drink to为…干杯,get to到达, happen to发生在某人身上, hold to紧握, <BR>lead to通向, listen to听, occur to想起, object to反对, point to指向, <BR>respond to回答, refer to参考;指的是…;涉及, reply to回答, see to负责, <BR>stick to坚持, turn to求助, write to给某人写信。例如: <BR><BR>she must learn to adjust herself to english life. 她必须学会适应英国的生活 <BR><BR>。 <BR><BR>business has to be attended to. 有事要办。 <BR><BR><BR>an idea occurred to me. 我想出一个办法。 <BR><BR><BR>b)动词(+sth.)+to+sb.。下列动词不能直接带间接宾语sb.,要接间接宾语时须在 <BR>动词后加介词to:announce to通知某人, describe to向某人描述, explain to向 <BR>某人解释, express to对某人表达, mention to提及, nod to向某人点头, report <BR><BR>to <BR>报告, say to告知, shout to对某人大叫, suggest to对某人提建议, <BR>speak to与某人交谈, talk to跟某人谈话, whisper to和某人低声耳语。例如: <BR><BR>she suggested to me one or two suitable people for the committee. <BR>她跟我向委员会推举了一两个合适的人选。 <BR><BR>c)动词+sth./sb.+ to +sth./sb.。此时介词to可译成“到,于,给”等意思: <BR>add to增加, compare to比作, carry to运送至, devote to致力于, <BR>introduce to介绍给, invite to邀请参加, join to连接到, leave to委托给, <BR>reduce to下降至, sentence to判处, take to带到。例如: <BR><BR>please add a piece of candy to coffee. 请给咖啡加块糖。 <BR><BR>poets like to compare life to stage. 诗人喜欢把人生比作舞台。 <BR><BR>2. be +形容词/过去分词+ to。to的意思是“对…”:be alive to觉察; <BR>晓得, be attentive to注意;留心, be awake to知晓, be blind to缺乏眼光, <BR>be close to紧挨着, be common to对某人来说很普通, be contrary to违反; <BR>反对, be devoted to致力, be deaf to不愿意听, be equal to有…的力量, <BR>be exposed to暴露;遭受, be fair to对…公平, be familiar to对某人来说熟悉, <BR>be grateful to对某人心存感激, be good to对…有好处, be harmful to对…有危 <BR><BR>害, <BR>be important to对…重要, be kind to友好对待, be known to周知于, <BR>be married to嫁给, be moved to转移到, be near to靠近, <BR>be necessary to对…有必要, be opposite to在对面, be opposed to反对, <BR>be pleasant to合某人之意, be proper to专属, be polite to礼貌待人, <BR>be rude to粗暴对待, be relative to与…有关, be strange to不习惯, <BR>be similar to类似, be suitable to适合, be true to忠实, <BR>be thankful to感激, be useful to对…有用, be used to习惯。例如: <BR><BR>are you alive to what is going on? 你注意到发生什么事了吗? <BR><BR>the old man was not equal to the situation. 那老人不能应付这种情况。 <BR><BR>his house is opposite to mine. 他的房子在我的房子对面。 <BR><BR>3.to+名词构成的词组有:to a degree在某种程度上, to date到现在为止, <BR>to one’s feet跳起来,to one’s mind照…看来, to one’s surprise使…吃惊, <BR>to one’s taste符合胃口, to oneself独自享用, to order定做, <BR>to the letter不折不扣地, to the point中肯地。 <BR>(十)、with <BR><BR><BR>1.动词+ with <BR><BR><BR>a)动词+ with。with接对象或目标,意思为“与…,从…”:agree with同意; <BR>适应, begin with从…开始, continue with继续, do with应付, deal with对付, <BR>fight with与…作战, fool with愚弄, hurry with忙于, mix with与…混合在一起, <BR>meet with偶遇, play with把玩, quarrel with与某人争吵, <BR>reason with与某人评理, settle with与人协商。例如: <BR><BR>let’s begin our class with an english song. <BR>我们以一首英语歌开讲。 <BR><BR>i meant to reason with you, but you won’t reason. <BR>我本要与你理论理论,但你不愿意。 <BR><BR>b)动词+ sth./sb. + with + sth./sb.。介词with意为“以,用”: <BR>compare with与…比较, combine with与…混合, equip with以…装备, <BR>feed with用…喂养, furnish with用…装饰, provide with提供, <BR>replace with以…替代, supply with供给。例如: <BR><BR>education must be combined with productive labour. <BR>教育应与生产力相结合。 <BR><BR>they replaced slave labour with machines. <BR>他们用机器代替奴工。 <BR><BR>2. be +形容词/过去分词+ with。介词with表示情绪的原因、 <BR>凭借等意思:be angry with恼怒, be annoyed with使烦恼, <BR>be busy with忙于, be bored with使烦心, be burdened with担负, <BR>be crowded with拥挤着, be connected with与…联系, <BR>be covered with覆盖着, be concerned with关心, be content with对…满意, <BR>be disappointed with失望于, be delighted with对…感到高兴, <BR>be engaged with忙碌于, be exhausted with由于…而极度疲倦, <BR>be filled with充满, be familiar with熟悉, be friendly with对…友好, <BR>be occupied with忙碌, be overcome with极为, be popular with受…欢迎, <BR>be patient with对…有耐心, be pleased with对…高兴, <BR>be satisfied with满意于, be strict with对…严格, <BR>be wrong with有毛病, be wild with因…而欣喜。例如: <BR><BR>he was much annoyed with his son’s behavior. <BR>他对儿子的行为相当恼火。 <BR>i’m fully occupied with my daily work. <BR>我忙碌于日常事务。 <BR><BR>when he caught sight of her, he was overcome with despair. <BR>看到她,他非常失望。 <BR><BR>3.动词+副词/介词短语+with构成的词组: catch up with赶上, <BR>do away with废除, fall in love with爱上, <BR>get together with与…联欢,keep in touch with保持联系,keep up with赶上。 <BR><BR>综上所述,常用介词搭配在英语中极其丰富,意义复杂多变。 <BR>掌握这些搭配,对夯实基础、提高</FONT></P>

joyceho312 发表于 2009-2-20 15:30:21

太详细了吧.搬回家慢慢看咯~
sofa

yanyan8759 发表于 2009-2-21 21:32:00

非常感谢!

冬天的太阳 发表于 2009-2-22 05:35:01

Thank you very much.

liwei2009 发表于 2009-2-26 13:49:06

thank youfor sharing it with us .
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